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聖嚴法師的現代化禪法=The Historical Circumstances of Master Sheng Yen’s Chan Teachings
Author 俞永峰 (著)=Yu, Jimmy (au.)
Source 第四屆近現代漢傳佛教論壇
Content type會議論文=Proceeding Article
Abstract 在當代漢傳佛教界中,聖嚴法師是受人景仰的佛教教育家,及漢傳佛教中新成立的「中華禪法鼓宗」的創始者。法鼓宗結合了聖嚴法師所承襲的臨濟與曹洞兩脈。新建立的法鼓宗,最顯著的特色就是以人間淨土、人倫教育為重心,這也是二十及二十一世紀台灣漢傳佛教的特色。這種對教育的重視,很明顯的是受到民國政府時期(1912-1949)佛教的改革和思想家的影響而產生的。聖嚴法師所教的現代化禪法,雖與傳統禪宗的諸多先賢密不可分,但也是包含了他適應教導西方學生的親身經驗,以及應對台灣環境所做的回應之中演變而來。他的禪法的重點是以初期佛法中的戒定慧三學為基礎、配合南宋禪宗修行的方法,整合後再重新建構起來的即頓、即漸的現代禪法。重新建構的目的是要確保漢傳佛教在現代的存續,過程是複雜而漸進的。這整個過程是漢傳佛教發展上的典範蛻變。雖然他是從前人得到啟發,但他的建構有其獨特之處,非當代之人所能及之。這篇論文的主旨,是回溯他建構禪法的歷史因緣、教法要義以及法鼓宗的核心特質。

Master Sheng Yen was a respected Buddhist educator in the modern era and the creator of a new meditation method called the Dharma Drum Lineage Chan school within Chinese Buddhism. This Dharma Drum Lineage united both Master Sheng Yen’s Buddhism heritages, namely the Linji and Caodong lines of Chan with a characteristic focus on Humanistic Pure Land and moral education, which is also the characteristic of the 20th and 21th Century Chinese Buddhism in Taiwan. Apparently, the emphasis on education is influenced by the Buddhist reform and philosophers during the Minguo era (1912-1949). Even though the modern meditation method taught by Master Sheng Yen is closely related to various traditional and historic Chan masters, it is at the same time, the result of his personal teaching experiences with the Western students and response to the Taiwanese followers. The main points of his method base on the threefold training: sila, dhyana, and prajna, of the earlier stage of Buddhism and the meditation methods of the Southern Song Dynasty. And then Master Sheng Yen reconstructed the said incorporated important points into the modern meditation method which is both sudden and gradual at the same time. The purpose of reconstruction was to make sure the continuum of Chinese Buddhism in the modern era and the process is complicated and progressive, which is a classic paradigm shift Chinese Buddhist development. Even though he was inspired by the ancient masters, his unique construction excelled all contemporaneous Buddhists. The main point of this paper lies in retracing the historical context of his construction of the meditation method, essential elements of his teachings, and core characteristics of the Dharma Drum Lineage of Chinese Chan Buddhism.
Created date2020.01.15
Modified date2022.06.15

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