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人間佛教開展的各種範型 — 以趙樸初居士為例=Various Forms of Humanistic Buddhism's Evolution - Taking the Lay Buddhist Zhao Puchu as Example
Author 林其賢 (著)=Lin, Chih-sien (au.)
Source 玄奘佛學研究=Hsuan Chuang Journal of Buddhism
Volumen.30
Date2018.09
Pages157 - 192
Publisher玄奘大學宗教學研究所
Publisher Url http://ird.hcu.edu.tw/front/bin/home.phtml
Location新竹市, 臺灣 [Hsinchu shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者為國立屏東大學中文系副教授
Keyword人生佛教=Life Buddhism; 人間佛教=Humanistic Buddhism; 趙樸初=Zhao Puchu
Abstract 本文探究人間佛教第二代居士代表人物趙樸初的思想特色與實踐業績。
趙樸初(1907-2000),20歲起,就在中國佛教界任職,與教會中主要人物:圓瑛、太虛、應慈、九世班禪、王一亭、黃涵之等都有交往。曾任中國佛教協會會長、中國佛學院院長。40歲時,蒙太虛大師於示寂前十日,召見於玉佛寺,並以新出版的《人生佛教》相贈。茗山法師許此為託付人間佛教之弘揚重任。在佛教整體發展的方向上,趙樸初直接繼承太虛人間佛教思想理論,他主張人間佛教和成佛的關係在於「菩薩行」,並要「以此淨化人間,建設人間淨土」。至於他的人間佛教思想重心則不是在「照著講」,也不是「接著講」,而在於「接著做」。如何避免太虛「佛教革命失敗」的覆轍?正確的方向如何正確地實現?成為他最核心的思想關懷。他在中國佛教協會成立後,從副會長兼秘書長以至於以會長兼秘書長,長年擔任教會領導工作。凝聚會眾共識、團結合作共事,以推進太虛佛教改革的路程,實現太虛大師佛教改革的理想,這當是趙老人間佛教思想與實踐之最首出者。

This article explores the ideological characteristics and practical performance of Zhao Puchu, the representative of the second generation of Lay Buddhist in Humanistic Buddhism.
At the age of 20, Zhao Puchu (1907-2000) served in the Chinese Buddhist world and had contacts with the main characters in the organization: Yuanying, Taixu, Yingci, the 9th Panchen, Wang Yiting, Huang Huanzhi and others. He was the president of China Buddhist Association and the president of China Buddhist Institute. At the age of 40, he was summoned by Master Taixu to the Jade Buddha Temple ten days before the Master passed away and was presented with the newly published "Life Buddhism" by the Master. Ming Shan Master considered this as the symbol of passing on the huge task of carrying forward the development of Humanistic Buddhism.
In the direction of the overall development of Buddhism, Zhao Puchu directly inherited the theory of Humanistic Buddhism from Master Taixu. He claimed that the relationship between Humanistic Buddhism and Being Buddha is "Buddha's conduct", which shall be used to "Purify the human world and Build the pure land on earth." The focus of his Humanistic Buddhist theory is not to "talk accordingly", nor to "talk continuously", but to "action continuously". How to avoid the same mistake as Master Taixu's past failure of Buddhist revolution? How to achieve right directions in right ways? All of these are his core concerns. After the establishment of Chinese Buddhist Association, he served as the Vice President and secretary general, and then President as well as secretary general. He has been the leader of the association for many years. Uniting the consensus of all association members, working together to promote Master Taixu's Buddhism Revolution, and to realize Master Taixu's ideal of Buddhism reformation... all of these should be Lay Buddhist Zhao Puchu's core ideas and practices for Humanistic Buddhism.
Table of contents一、前言 161
二、趙樸初居士的人間佛教因緣 161
三、趙樸初居士人間佛教思想特色 167
(一)強烈的現實感 169
(二)愛教必先愛國 170
(三)具體人間建設方案 173
四、趙樸初人間佛教思想的實踐 176
(一)人間佛教思想制度化 177
(二)重視教育培養人才 180
(三)低調圓融維護教產 183
(四)開展社會文教事業 184
(五)拓展世界友誼交流 187
五、結語 188
ISSN18133649 (P); 18133649 (E)
Hits26
Created date2020.03.23
Modified date2020.04.27



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