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以「善巧方便」為核心的《法華經》思想理念及其對當代佛教義學建構之可能價值=An Analysis of the Lotus Sutra Focusing on Upayakausalya and its Possible Contribution to the Contemporary Construction of Buddhist Thought
Author 程恭讓 (著)=Cheng, Gong-rang (au.)
Source 佛光學報=Fo Guang Journal of Buddhist Studies
Volumen.1 新3卷
Pages201 - 250
Publisher Url
Location宜蘭縣, 臺灣 [I-lan hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword法華經=Lotus Sutra; 般若經=Prajñāpāramitā Sutra; 善巧方便=upāyakauśalya (skillful means)
Abstract 本文以東晉廬山慧遠大師(西元 334-416 年)向著名譯經大師鳩摩羅什 (344-413) 的提問開始討論,慧遠在向羅什的提問中,曾經提出《般若經》將般若、方便譬成鳥之雙翼的譬喻,並由此引發《般若經》與另一部著名大乘佛教經典《法華經》的思想貫通與差異的問題。本文據此,詳細分析了最早期般若經典《八千頌般若》中的這一譬喻,並徵引其他經中的證據,確證《般若經》確有將般若與善巧方便兩系思想並列並舉的重要思想理念。接下去作者重新詮釋《法華經》相關經文,論證《法華經》是初期大乘經典中以善巧方便一系概念及思想作為核心思想理念的經典,從而確證了有關方便思想在大乘佛教中極其重要的地位。作者在討論中,也力圖勾勒出在初期大乘思想發展中方便思想理念演繹的邏輯。最後,作者基於善巧方便這一菩薩智慧學原則,對於當代佛教義學何以可能的問題,也展開了別開生面的簡要討論。

In this paper, the author begins with the dialogue between Master Lushan Huiyuan (AD 334-416) and the famous Buddhist translator Master Kumārajīva (344-413) in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. The Prajñāpāramitā Sutra proposed an analogy for the relation between Prajñāpāramitā and upāyakauśalya (skillful means) of a bodhisattva as the two wings of a bird, thus promoting discussion of the contrast between the Prajñāpāramitā Sutra and another famous Mahayana Buddhist classic, the Lotus Sutra. Based on this discussion, this paper tries to make a detailed analysis of the related analogy in the Aṣtasāhasrikā prajñāpāramitā, the earliest Prajñāpāramitā Sutra. Meanwhile, the author also cites other evidence in this sutra to emphasize the similarity between Prajñāpāramitā and upāyakauśalya. Next, by reinterpreting the Lotus Sutra, the author demonstrates that concepts and thought related to skillful means are the core and most important ideas in this classic early Mahayana scripture. By doing so, our paper confirms the extremely important position of this special bodhisattva wisdom, skillful means, in Mahayana thought. The author also seeks to outline the logic of Mahayana thought based on upāyakauśalya. Finally, the author innovatively reveals the meaning of this kind of bodhisattva wisdom towards the contemporary construction of Buddhist thought.
Table of contents一、從廬山慧遠「羅漢受決」之問談起 204
二、從《道行般若》到《小品般若》:慧遠所引用相關經文的再省思 207
三、「法華經義,不以此說」——羅什的回應與解答 216
四、《法華經》的核心思想:作為「最高(或最後)的波羅蜜多」的「偉大的善巧方便」 224
五、大乘方便四經:善巧方便概念及其思想的系統建構 235
六、當代佛教義學如何可能——從《法華經》的思想視角審視 242
ISSN24143006 (P)
Created date2020.04.13
Modified date2020.04.13

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