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推動大專佛學社團之父 ── 周宣德=Zhou Xuan-de: Father for the Promotion of Buddhist Societies in Colleges and Universities
Author 釋光持 =Shih, Kuang-chi
Source 法印學報=Journal of Dharma Seals
Pages147 - 192
Location桃園縣, 臺灣 [Taoyuean hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Author: MS Student, Department of Religion and Culture, Hsuan Chuang University
Keyword周宣德=Zhou Xuan-de; 佛教青年化=promotion of Buddhism amongst youths; 佛學社團=Buddhist societies; 台大晨曦學社=NTU Sunrise; 慧炬=Torch of Wisdom

In the 1950s to the 1960s, Buddhism in Taiwan was very closely related to efforts encouraging college youths to study Buddhism. The third generation leaders of Buddhism in Taiwan at present mostly come from Buddhism societies and clubs organized in colleges at that time. Zhou Xuan-de was the pioneer and founder of these college Buddhist societies and clubs. To attract youths, Zhou first used the radio to spread the messages and teachings of Buddhism. He used monetary gifts received on his 60th birthday to print books on Buddhism and gave them to college and university students for further study and reading. At the same time, Zhou established various scholarships which attracted the first batch of university and college students to study the religion. This act then propelled the formation of NTU Sunrise, Taiwan’s first Buddhist association. Zhou then provided counseling to other colleges and universities to establish their own Buddhist societies and clubs, and created a monthly publication titled Huiju Yuekan (Torch of Wisdom monthly) as well as Huiju Zhouhui (Torch of Wisdom porridge meeting) platform to enhance the cohesiveness and exchange of Buddhist societies. Zhou’s active encouragements exposed many college and university students to the study of Buddhism, helped to improve knowledge levels of Buddhism, and resulted in wide ranging impacts to the development of the religion in Taiwan. Many people therefore gave him the title of Father of Buddhist Societies in Colleges and Universities.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the background and reason for Zhou Xuan-de to encourage youth participation in Buddhism. The study then reviewed Zhou’s actions that transformed the stereotypical image of Buddhism as a pessimistic, backward, superstitious and ignorant belief system into an active and advanced study that promoted wisdom, and the measures that Zhou had adopted to convinced many youths to start practicing Buddhism and spread its teachings. Zhou helped to see many youths of excellent standing joining Buddhism as its ordained monastics (the Sangha) or lay Buddhists, which reinvigorated the religion and gave it new life.
Table of contents一、前言 151
二、周宣德生平與入佛門因緣(1899~1952) 151
(一)出生、教界服務二十年 151
(二)大陸期間,受親人影響而學佛 152
(三)初來台親近善士獲益 156
三、推動佛教青年化(1952~1989) 159
(一)首創「空中弘法」 162
(二)贈佛書徵求心得刊登雜誌 163
(三)設各項獎學金吸引大專生研究佛學 166
(四)輔導暨推動大專院校佛學社團成立 169
1、在戒嚴時代的處境 169
2、推動全台第一個佛學社團的成立 170
3、大專院校佛學社團「無聘請僧人」之爭議 173
(五)創辦《慧炬月刊》(1961~迄今) 178
(六)創辦「慧炬粥會」(1974~迄今) 179
四、《慧炬》經濟的護持(1961~迄今) 182
五、近期全國大專佛學社團結構與成長之量化分析(1960~1991) 185
六、結論 190
ISSN22241299 (P)
Created date2020.06.11

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