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敦煌莫高窟第390窟繪塑題材初探=A Preliminary Study on the Statues and Paintings in Mogao Cave 390
Author 王惠民 (著)=Wang, Hui-min (au.)
Source 敦煌研究=Dunhuang Research
Volumen.1 (總號=n.161)
Date2017
Pages54 - 62
Publisher敦煌研究編輯部
Publisher Url http://www.dha.ac.cn/
Location蘭州, 中國 [Lanzhou, China]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:敦煌研究院考古研究所
Keyword莫高窟第390窟=Mogao cave 390; 三階教=Three-Stage School; 念佛=reciting Buddha's names; 禮懺=worship
Abstract 莫高窟第390窟開鑿於7世紀初葉,四壁上層共繪53鋪說法圖,本文推測是表示佛教的五十三佛;中層和下層共繪60鋪說法圖,本文推測是三十五佛和二十五佛的組合;東壁門上繪七佛。三階教六時禮懺就要念五十三佛、三十五佛、二十五佛、七佛,由此推測第390窟的主題可能是禮懺,很可能與當時流行的三階教信仰有關。

Dunhuang Cave 390 was constructed in the early 7th century, in which there are 53 preaching scenes painted on the upper part of the four walls and 60 preaching scenes on the middle and lower parts. This paper infers that the upper part is a description of the Fifty-Three Buddhas in Buddhism, while those on the middle and lower parts are a combination of the Thirty-Five Buddhas and the Twenty-Five Buddhas. In the Three-Stage School, practitioners worship six times a day by reciting the names of the Fifty-Three Buddhas, Thirty-Five Buddhas, Twenty-Five Buddhas, and Seven Buddhas. It can thus be inferred that worship is the theme of cave 390, which is likely related to the popularity of the Three-Stage School at that time.
Table of contents一、第390窟的三觀音造像與《請觀世音菩薩消伏毒害陀羅尼咒經》 55
二、第390窟的五十三佛、七佛與三十五佛、二十五佛造像 58
1.過去佛:五十三佛、七佛 58
2.今世佛:三十五佛、二十五佛 59
三、莫高窟第390窟所反映的佛教懺悔思想 61
1.河南安陽大住聖窟 61
2.河北曲陽八會寺刻經龕 61
3.第390窟與三階教思想 62
ISSN10004106 (P)
DOI10.13584/j.cnki.issn1000-4106.2017.01.022
Hits170
Created date2020.08.24
Modified date2020.08.24



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