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Cross-national Buddhism and Identity Construction in Ch’oe Ch’iwŏn’s Four Mountains Stele
Author Lin, Pei-ying (著)
Source Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
Volumev.8 n.1
Pages81 - 94
Publisher Url
LocationSwitzerland [瑞士]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
NoteAuthor Affiliations: Department of Religious Studies, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City 24205, Taiwan
KeywordCh’oe Ch’iwŏn; Silla; Sŏn Buddhism; Chan Buddhism; Cultural identity
AbstractThis paper aims to evaluate how Chan Buddhism played a part in Buddhist discourses reflecting an increased sense of legitimacy in ninth-century East Asia. It may not surprise us that the sinicisation of Buddhism implies a process of identity construction to place China in the centre. Culture and religion joined together in this process, first in China and then in Korea. However, the location of centrality or marginality was not fixed in Buddhist ontology. Rather, innovative Buddhist intellects such as Ch’oe Ch’iwŏn (b. 857 A.D.) ventured to create a reversal of centre and margin. In Ch’oe Ch’iwŏn’s inscriptions for four Korean Sŏn schools (the total of nine schools are also known as nine mountains), an attempt to supersede China through Chan Buddhism is conspicuous. It is particularly interesting to note that, in the context of the cross-border transmission of Buddhism, the mobility of “Chan patriarchs” was essential in maintaining the legitimacy and continuity. This characteristic of the mobility of Chan patriarchs is seen in the Korean masters depicted by Ch’oe Ch’iwŏn’s, namely Chingam, Ranghye and Chijŭng.
Table of contents1 Introduction 81
2 Ch’oe Ch’iwŏn 崔致远 (b. 857) and Korean Buddhism 84
3 The “Four Mountains Steles” (Sasan pi’myŏng) 87
4 Concluding Remarks 91
ISSN16740750 (P); 21982600 (E)
Created date2020.08.27
Modified date2021.11.05

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