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中日佛教文化交流中的《法華經》 — 從中古時期東亞佛教儀式文本的角度出發=Lotus Sutra in Buddhist Cultural Exchanges between China and Japan: East Asian Buddhist Ritual Texts in Middle Ages as Clues
Author 郭珮君 =Kuo, Pei-chun
Source 無盡燈:漢傳佛教青年學者論壇論文集
Pages135 - 192
Publisher Url
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type專題研究論文=Research Paper
Keyword《法華經》; 《法華傳記》; 《菅家文草》; 空海; Lotus Sutra; Fahuazhuanji; Kankebunso; Kūkai; Saichō

Ritual is an important part of Buddhist Culture, and is strongly regulated both in Buddhist temples and in state ceremonies.
Daily life experiences in Tang temples were highly regarded for monks who travelled to Tang in Heian Japan, and the experiences also were the most remarkable part during their assimilating of Chinese Buddhist knowledge. Meanwhile, as foreign visitors, these Japanese monks were also acute at the image of Tang Buddhism. This article focuses on the understanding of Buddhist ritual in early Heian period, and reveals the importance of Chinese ritual during the construction of Tendai and Shingon Buddhism. Japanese Buddhism is known for its state-protection tradition, and was highly respected by the Emperor-centered ruling class. That is, Japanese Buddhist ritual is usually state-protective, and combined with state
ceremonies. In both the greatest founders of Japanese Buddhism, Kukai and Saicho's works, many ritual related articles can be found. Some of them are manuals of rituals, while some of them are articles that reflect social background of the ritual. Within these works, hyobyak and ganmon are the most characteristic genres that illustrate the essential nature of Japanese Buddhism. Through the inspection of the Fahuazhuanji, this article explicates the general apprehension of Lotus Sutra in Tang, and further compares it with Kankebunso and the works of Kukai and Saicho, to provide the commonality and divergence of Lotus Sutra in Buddhist ritual texts in East Asian Buddhist cultural exchanges. Notably, while Kukai is the founder of Shingon Buddhism in Japan. Lotus Sutra is often highly worshipped in his works, both in state-protective texts and ganbun for family members. It is connected to Kukai's expertise in exoteric and esoteric Buddhism, and also related to a long term social background that Japanese Buddhism has been influenced by Sui and Tang Buddhism.

Table of contents一、前言 138
二、《法華傳記》中所見的漢地《法華經》信仰 142
(一)儀式性書寫《法華經》 144
(二)為亡者書寫、供養《法華經》 147
(三)《法華經》所生利益的專屬性 153
三、從《菅家文草》中的願文看平安時代《法華經》的流行 156
(一)國家層級對於《法華經》的受容 161
(二)私人法會中的《法華經》 165
四、從最澄與空海的願文看平安時代前期佛教儀式中的《法華經》 173
(一)天台宗最澄以《法華經》護國的詮釋 173
(二)真言宗空海《遍照發揮性靈集》中的《法華經》 178
五、結語 184
ISBN9789575987886 (平裝)
Created date2020.09.15

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