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略論聖嚴法師對《維摩經》的闡釋 ── 從《維摩經》解經學傳統看=Master Sheng Yenʼs Hermeneutics on Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra
Author 龔雋 (著)=Gong, Jun (au.)
Source 聖嚴研究:第十輯=Studies of Master Sheng Yen Vol.10
Date2018.05
Pages139 - 175
Publisher法鼓文化
Publisher Url http://www.ddc.com.tw/
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Series聖嚴思想論叢
Series No.10
Content type專題研究論文=Research Paper
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:中國廣州中山大學哲學系教授
Professor, Department of Philosophy, Sun Yat-Sen University
Keyword維摩經= Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra; 維摩經疏; 聖嚴=Master Sheng Yen; Buddhist hermeneutics; Six Commentaries on the Vimalakirti Sutra
Abstract解經一直是東亞文明與思想傳統中非常重要的發展動力,佛教從印度到中國,從古代到近代,其思想發展的一項重要法流即是通過不同的論疏傳統來開展。佛教解經包含了非常豐富與複雜的內容,需要我們做出新的討論。做為近代著名學問僧的聖嚴法師,對佛教經典做了獨特的闡解。其在處理漢傳佛學傳統上,一方面接受現代性的觀念,而以近代治史的方式重新整理與研究中國佛教與思想的歷程;但同時他也延續了傳統佛教經學的傳統,而又有所創新。本論文以聖嚴法師有關《維摩經》的思想為案例,把他關於《維摩經》的思想闡發,放置於漢傳佛教《維摩經》註疏史及近代中國佛教經史學的脈絡下來進行考察與分析,以闡明其特色及歷史價值。在研究方法上,將以歷史、文本與社會史結合的方式來論究法師解經學所蘊涵的深義。本論文大致包含三個方面內容:一、漢傳佛教有關《維摩經》的解經史分析;二、近代經史學語境中《維摩經》解的新開展;三、聖嚴法師對佛教經典的詮解方式及其《維摩經六講》的特殊意義。

Hermeneutics has been an important momentum behind traditions of East Asian culture and thoughts. Throughout millennia, from India to China, one of the important way for thoughts to evolve is to unfold via different commentaries. The complex content in Buddhist hermeneutics calls for new discussion. As a famous modern erudite monk, Master Sheng Yen had some unique interpretation on Buddhist texts. He employs modern concepts in historiography to study Buddhism and Buddhist thoughts. At the same time, he inherits methodology from Confucianists with a modern touch. This paper takes Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra as an example to illustrate his characteristics and contribution on Buddhism. I will put Master Sheng Yen’s exposition on Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra under the context of all commentaries on Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra and modern Buddhist hermeneutics. I will approach Master Sheng Yen’s profound thoughts from three aspects: historic, textual, and societal. There are three major sections in this paper. 1. Analysis of history of hermeneutics on Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra in Chinese Buddhism. 2. New direction in modern Buddhism on Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra. 3. Master Sheng Yen’s interpretation on Buddhist texts and the unique significance of his Six Commentaries on the Vimalakirti Sutra.
Table of contents一、中國中古《維摩經》疏的討論 142
(一)初期《維摩經》之講疏 142
(二)所謂關河舊疏 143
(三)中古各家師傳與《維摩》講疏 148
(四)攝論師的所傳與《維摩》:兼論敦煌本《維摩經疏》 152
(五)隋唐時期的《維摩經》疏:以天台、三論、法相疏為例 155
(六)宋明清《維摩經》疏之餘緒 162
二、近代「人間佛教」運動與聖嚴法師之《維摩經》講疏 163
(一)心淨與直心:心靈環保的關鍵概念 165
(二)《維摩經》解與「人間佛教」之內聖外王 167
參考文獻 170
英文摘要 174
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Created date2020.09.16
Modified date2021.08.18



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