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武則天與佛教互動關係探討=An Exploration of the Interaction between Wu Zetian and Buddhism
Author 釋永東 (著)=Shih, Yung-dong (au.)
Source 新世紀宗教研究=New Century Religious Studies
Volumev.6 n.3
Pages41 - 98
Publisher Url
Location臺北縣, 臺灣 [Taipei hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Assistant Professor,Religious Studies Department, Fo Guang University
Keyword《大雲經》= the Mahāmeghasutra; 無字碑=a Tombstone without any Inscription; 寫經造序= Apocrapha

Wu Zetian (武則天) (625-705), personal name Wu Zhao (武曌), was the only woman in the history of China to be assumed the title of Emperor. In 649, Taizong died, and, as was customary for concubines, Wu Meiniang had to leave the imperial palace and enter a Buddhist nunnery where she had her hair shaved for two years, the Mahāmeghasutra predicted her ascending the throne, and buried with a tombstone without any inscription after her death. All of these were associated with Buddhism. Indeed she was the only woman in the 2100 years of imperial China ever to use the title emperor and to sit on the throne (instead of merely ruling from behind the throne), and this again utterly shocked Confucian elites. Therefore, a great number of scholars have done researches on her from different perspectives. However, there are very few papers explored from the Buddhist perspectives. She was criticized by the people from all the directions, the scholars in particular for ruling a country with Buddhism. Why Wu Zetian, not any other? There should be some special relationship between her and Buddhism. If not, how could she devote all her life to Buddhism? In order to understand the interaction between Wu Zetian and Buddhism, as well as figure out whether Wu Zetian protected Buddhism or damaged Buddhism and vice versa? This paper will collect as many as the facts she had done for Buddhism and the affinities she had created in Buddhism based on the following five chapters-the life of Wu Zetian and her first connection with Buddhism, the relationship between Wu Zetian and Buddha Dharma (apocrapha-the Mahāmeghasutra, Sutra translation and preface composition), the change of the relationship between Wu Zetian and Buddhist Sangha, the interaction between Wu Zetian and Buddhism and Wu Zetian's conversin from Buddhism to Taoism at her old age, and conclusion.
Table of contents英文摘要 42
中文摘要 43
壹、前言 44
貳、武則天的生平與佛教最初的因緣 47
一、武則天與神異預言 47
二、武則天最初的佛教因緣 48
三、建言十二事 49
四、武則天的登基神跡 50
(一)平地起新山神跡 51
(二)洛水出寶圖神跡 51
五、無字碑與佛教的空無 53
參、武則天的登基與佛教法寶的關係 54
一、武則天與《大雲經》的疑偽 54
二、武則天造經立序 60
肆、武則天與佛教僧伽的互動 80
一、僧尼列首位 80
二、護法濟貧 82
三、禮敬國師 83
四、造寺鑄鐘 84
五、促進大乘宗派叢林的建立 86
六、制定《三教九流圖》 87
伍、武則天與佛寶的關係及晚年去佛向道 87
一、開窟造像 88
二、推動彌勒思想 88
三、十一面觀音像之盛行 89
四、開啟地宮瞻仰佛骨 90
陸、結論 92
參考書目 94

ISSN16843738 (P)
Created date2020.09.21
Modified date2020.09.21

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