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李添春的行誼及其對臺灣佛教之研究=Li Tian-Chun’s Morality and Study on Buddhism in Taiwan
Author 邱敏捷 (著)=Chiu, Min-chieh (au.)
Date2018.11
Pages5 - 21
Publisher客家委員會
Publisher Url https://www.hakka.gov.tw/index.html
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type其他=Others
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:國立臺南大學國語文學系教授
Professor of Department of Chinese Language and Literature, National University of Tainan
本文是「107 年度客家學術研究計畫」成果之一。「107 年度客家學術研究計畫」成果報告
Keyword李添春=Li Tian-Chun; 齋教=Chinese religions of fasting; 臺灣佛教= Buddhism in Taiwan; 佛教改革= reform of Buddhism; 美濃=Meinong
Abstract李添春是高雄美濃客家人,日治時代臺灣齋教研究之先驅,是日治時期及光復初期的佛教學者。十五歲在基隆靈泉寺出家學佛,後因不習慣寺廟生活而返俗。留日期間,就讀駒澤大學,拜忽滑谷快天為師在思想上深受其影響。學成回臺,歷任臺灣總督府文教局囑託、臺北帝國大學農經系助教、國立臺灣大學農學院副教授、教授等,主編佛教刊物,引領美濃鄉親青年學佛。李氏對於臺灣齋教典籍、齋教源流、僧侶齋友之資格與階級等面向多所研究;對於臺灣佛教的改革思想,不僅著眼於大乘佛教精神與內涵的提升,並倡導「此地淨土」,也關注寺廟管理人制度的改革,以提高寺廟的功能;對臺灣日本式佛教的態度,則抱持質疑與批判的角度,特以林德林的新佛教事業為例,說明日本式佛教與臺灣佛教文化及精神背道而馳。由於李氏對臺灣佛教之研究與改革,確實投下諸多精力與心血,故其影響作用不可謂小。可以說,李氏在二十世紀的臺灣佛教之研究及臺灣佛教文化之發展等皆有其貢獻與地位。

Li Tian-Chun is a pioneer in the study on Chinese religions of fasting in Taiwan in the Japanese ruling period and a Buddhist scholar in the Japanese ruling period and at the beginning of Taiwan restoration. At the age of fifteen, he chose to become a monk at Lingquan Temple, Keelung, but resumed the secular life because he couldn’t get used to life in the temple afterward. During studying in Japan, he studied in Komazawa University and became an apprentice of Kaiten Nukariya, deeply influenced by him in thinking. After finishing studying and returning to Taiwan, he was entrusted by CultureandEducationBureau ofTaiwanGovernment House to serve as the teaching assistant of Department of Agricultural Economics, Taihoku Imperial University, and the associate professor and professor of College of Agriculture, National Taiwan University. Li conducts research on different perspectives including the publications and origin of the religions of fasting in Taiwan and the qualifications and statuses of the monks and followers. In terms of the reform on the thinking of Buddhism in Taiwan, he not only focuses on upgrading the spirit and content of Mahayana Buddhism and promotes “This place is pure land” but also pays attentions to the reform of the temple manager system to increase the temple functions. As for the Japanese Buddhism in Taiwan, he holds the suspicious and critical attitude. Take Lin De-Lin’s new Buddhist business for example. Li explains that the culture and spirit of the Japanese Buddhism is totally contrary to those of the Taiwanese Buddhism. Indeed, Li devotes a lot of energy and hard work to the research and reform of Buddhism in Taiwan and therefore has a great influence. In conclusion, he contributes to and plays an important role in the research and the cultural development of Buddhism in Taiwan in the twentieth century.
Table of contents一、前言 5
二、進出佛門與佛學因緣 8
(一)出家、求學與返俗 8
(二)與忽滑谷快天的師徒關係 10
三、對臺灣佛教之耕耘與志望 12
(一)對臺灣齋教的研究 12
(二)對臺灣佛教的改革思想 14
(三)對臺灣日本式佛教的看法 16
四、結論 17
參考書目 18

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Created date2020.09.24
Modified date2020.09.24



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