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《文殊般若經》與禪宗 ── 印順觀點之析論
Author 邱敏捷 (著)=Chiu, Min-chieh (au.)
Source 兩岸四地暨國際佛教學術研討會(第七屆)=Cross-Strait Four Regions and International Conference on the Study of Buddhism(7th)
Date2015.07
Publisher香港中文大學禪與人類文明研究中心
Publisher Url http://cbhc.crs.cuhk.edu.hk/main/
Location香港, 中國 [Hong Kong, China]
Content type會議論文=Proceeding Article
Language中文=Chinese
Keyword印順; 《文殊般若經》; 一行三昧; 道信; 神秀; 慧能
Abstract印順在《初期大乘佛教之起源與開展》一書中,闡發「文殊法門」,並列舉四十七本與文殊相關之經典,而早在《中國禪宗史》之研究中,已探究《文殊般若經》與禪宗之關係。印順援引三種資料,以證明禪宗四祖道信引用《文殊般若經》「一行三昧」之史實,一是唐‧淨覺《楞伽師資記》之〈道信傳〉,二是唐‧淨覺《楞伽師資記》之〈神秀傳〉,三是唐‧荊溪湛然《止觀輔行傳宏決》,並點出道信《楞伽經》與《般若經》合一、「念佛與成佛合一」的禪法。他並提出《文殊般若經》「一行三昧」是理解五祖與其他門人之間的鑰匙,特別是神秀與慧能。神秀「念佛名」、「淨心」的禪門,取用《文殊所說般若經》「一行三昧」之「念佛」修持形式;而慧能《壇經》「說摩訶般若波羅蜜法」來自《文殊般若經》「念自性般若」,彰顯「自性本自清淨」,見性成佛之理。這兩者之間的發展是有些不同,然禪宗北漸南頓法門與《文殊般若經》關係,清楚可見。
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Created date2020.09.25
Modified date2020.09.25



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