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初期大乘佛教「華嚴法門」之研究 ── 以印順的詮釋為中心=A Study of the Early Stages of Mahayana Buddhism Hua-Yuan Dharma ── Based on Yin Shun’s Interpretation
Author 邱敏捷 (著)=Chiu, Min-chieh (au.)
Date2015.06
Pages24
Publisher行政院國家科學委員會
Publisher Url https://www.most.gov.tw/
Location臺北, 臺灣 [Taipei, Taiwan]
Content type其他=Others
Language中文=Chinese
Note科技部補助專題研究計畫成果報告 期末報告
計畫系統編號:PE10307-0284
計畫編號:MOST103-2410-H024-022

作者單位:國立臺南大學國語文學系教授
Keyword〈入法界品〉=the Rwu Fa Jie Pin; 善財童子=the Shan Cai Tong Zi; 《華嚴經》=Hua-yuan sutra; 印順= Yin Shun; 菩薩道=Bohdhisattva path
Abstract初期大乘佛教中的「華嚴法門」,發展出一系列華嚴經典,經古德的宏揚, 成立了「華嚴宗」。華嚴宗的法界緣起說,達到了一法之生起,其他一切的一切 都為此法作,與佛教緣起論,不相一致;《華嚴經》義理與中國古德所發揚的華 嚴宗思想也有出入;而天臺宗「判教」之「五時說」,把「華嚴時」列為最早, 不符於印度佛教思想發展之史實。 印順於1981 年出版之《初期大乘佛教之起源與開展》舉出「般若法門」、「淨 土法門」、「文殊師利法門」與「華嚴法門」,認為「華嚴法門」是較遲出現的, 與「淨土法門」有其相關性。印順將「華嚴法門」相關華嚴經典劃分為三種:全 部譯出者兩部、部分譯出者十八部與為《華嚴經》眷屬者七部。其中,「部分譯 出」的經典都是時代較早的,如《兜沙經》與〈入法界品〉等,證明大部《華嚴 經》是「隨類收經」的事實,且這些早期的經典,如〈入法界品〉值得深入探究; 而華嚴宗與《華嚴經》之發展關係,同樣值得進一步細論。 本研究計畫擬探討初期大乘佛教華嚴法門之相關問題,而以印順的詮釋為中 心。預定的研究綱目主要有:(一)初期大乘佛教「華嚴法門」之成立,包括華 嚴法門的經典問題及其修行旨趣;(二)印順對華嚴法門與淨土法門關係的剖析; (三)印順對《華嚴經‧入法界品》的詮釋;(四)印順對華嚴宗的理解與批判, 包括華嚴宗與《華嚴經》之關係,以及對華嚴宗之評議等。本研究計畫以印順的 論說為主軸,融入並比較目前學界已有之研究觀點,予以系統性探討。

In the early stages of Mahayana Buddhism, Hua-yuan Dharma developed a series of classic sutras. Chinese Masters began spreading the philosophy and established a new sect. The philosophy arose from the primal nature in contrast with secondary causes. However, the Chinese Masters’interpretation of the philosophy was different from the original Hua-yuan sutras. One Master of Tien-tai organized the sutras into what he believed to be chronological order. It was later found to be incorrect. In 1981, Yin Shun published “The Origin and Development of Early Mahayana Buddhism”. The book discusses the Wisdom, Pure Land, Manjusri and Hua-yuan Dharmas. It was then that Yin Shun found the Hua-yuan Dharma should appear later and the content was connected to the Pure Land Dharmas. Another phenomenon Yin Shun discovered was the difference in philosophies between the Hua-yuan sutra and sect. Yin Shun organized the Hua-yuan sutras into three categories. The first being two large collections, the second being the earliest eighteen smaller books of original sutras before they were compiled into larger volumes and the third were seven sutras that were related to Hua-yuan sutras. In these early sutras the Rwu Fa Jie Pin was important to the research of the relationship between the Hua-yuan sect and sutras. This research focuses on the Hua-yuan sutra in early Mahayana Buddhism and Yin Shun’s interpretation. This includes its development, morals, practice and teachings. It will explain Yin Shun interpretation of the sutra’s relationship with the Pure Land Dharma’s and the Rwu Fa Jie Pin. Finally it will explain Yin Shun’s interpretation of the relationship between the Hua-yuan sutras and sect and compare it with the findings of other modern scholars.
Table of contents一、前言 1
二、〈入法界品〉的形成 3
(一)〈入法界品〉出現的年代 3
(二)〈入法界品〉中〈普賢行願品〉的出現 5
三、〈入法界品〉展現的菩薩行 6
(一)文殊在〈入法界品〉中的意義 7
(二)善財童子五十三 8
四、〈入法界品〉呈顯的佛教氛圍 9
(一)與淨土法門的關係 9
(二)密教的氛圍 11
四、結語 13
參考書目 14
Hits210
Created date2020.09.25
Modified date2020.09.25



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