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牛頭禪析論 ── 從胡適到印順=Analysis and Discussion of Niu-tou Zen-From Hu Shih to Master Yin-shun
Author 邱敏捷 (著)=Chiu, Min-chieh (au.)
Source 北臺通識學報
Pages19 - 59
Publisher Url
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Associate Professor, Department of Language Education, National Tainan University
Keyword牛頭禪 = Niu-tou Zen; 胡適 = Hu Shih; 印順 = Yin-shun

The studies of the Zen Master in the 20(superscript th) century are not only a glorious page of the history, of the Chinese Buddhism, but also a presentation of the last century's remarkable performance in the history of the exchange of Buddhist studies between China and Japan. The major scholars involving in the studies of the Zen Master included Hu Shih of China, and Suzuki Daisetsu、Ui Hakuju、Sekiguchi Mahiro、Yanagida Seizan of Japan. And Yin Shun had more clear-cut and peculiar interpretations of their in-depth literatures. Regarding the faction problem of Niu-tou Master, Hu Shih thinks that Fa-Rong has nothing to do with Leng-Jia Master, but Suzuki Daisetsu refers to the old sayings and confirms that it is related to Dao-Xing. However, both Hu Shih and Suzuki Daisetsu do not mention Fa-Chih and Hong-Ren at all. Ui Hakuju is sure that Fa-Rong inherits the doctrines of Dao-Xing, Fa-Chih and Hong-Ren. Sekiguchi Mahiro thinks that between Fa-Rong and Dao-Xing there is no master-and-apprentice relationship, but both Fa-Chih and Hong-Ren inherit the mantle of Fa-Rong. Nevertheless, Yin Shun thinks that they have no such relationship of master and apprentice. Besides, Yin Shun and Sekiguchi Mahiro both agree that Discussion of Absolute Viewpoints is written by Fa Rong. But Yanagida Seizan thinks that this book is not a work of Fa-Rong, and yet only taken as a book of outlines and attached to the influence of a master after the formation of Niu-tou Master. As to the position of Niu-tou Zen in the history of the Zen Master in China, Sekiguchi Mahiro argues that Niu-tou Zen ”is the origin for practicing the thinking of the Zen Master on our daily life in the later days,” and ”the Master Zen's influence in China and Niu-tou Fa-Rong have very important meanings in the history of the Zen Master.” And Yin Shun points out that ”Niu-tou Zen is the key for the Indian Zen to be changed as the Chinese Zen.” In addition, both scholars indicate that ”Niu-tou Zen belongs to Nan-Master Zen in the end.” Yin Shun even clearly judges that Niu-tou belongs to the stone of Nan-Master. It can be found that Yin Shun's studies of Niu-tou Zen not only echo with the research results of Suzuki Daisetsu、Ui Hakuju、Sekiguchi Mahiro、Yanagida Seizan, but also makes very careful response to their studies, With many extraordinary knowledge and creative viewpoints mentioned, Yin Shun really pushes the Chinese and Japanese studies of the Zen Master of the 20(superscript th) century ”to another summit.”
Table of contents壹、前言 20
貳、胡適的簡說 22
參、鈴木大拙的論述 23
一、牛頭禪的傳承問題 23
二、法融與無相、無住思想的比較 24
肆、宇井伯壽的評述 26
一、牛頭禪的傳承問題 26
(一)法融與道信 27
(二)法持與弘忍 28
(三)法融與智巖 29
二、法融的著作 31
三、法融與三論宗的關係 32
伍、關口真大的見解 33
一、牛頭禪的傳承問題 34
(一)道信與法融 34
(二)法持與弘忍 36
二、法融的著作與思想 36
三、牛頭禪給禪宗帶來的影響 39
(一)開後世禪宗思想實踐於日常生活之中 40
(二)法融思想受中國老莊之影響來自《寶藏論》 40
四、牛頭禪與南宗禪的關係 42
陸、柳田聖山的觀察 43
一、牛頭禪的傳承問題 43
二、法融的著作 43
三、《六祖壇經》「無相戒」為牛頭宗的說法 44
柒、印順的觀點 44
一、牛頭禪的傳承問題 46
二、法融的著作 47
三、牛頭禪是從印度禪轉變到中國禪的關鍵 49
四、牛頭禪與南禪宗的關聯 51
捌、結語 52

Created date2020.10.05
Modified date2020.10.05

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