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數字化時代的敦煌壁畫圖像研究 - 以莫高窟第72窟北壁彌勒經變為例=The Study of Dunhuang Murals in the Digital Age - Taking the Maitreya Illustration on the North Wall in Mogao Cave 72 as a Case Study
Author 王惠民 (著)=Wang, Hui-min (au.)
Source 敦煌研究=Dunhuang Research
Volumen.4 (總號=n.176)
Date2019
Pages26 - 37
Publisher敦煌研究編輯部
Publisher Url http://www.dha.ac.cn/
Location蘭州, 中國 [Lanzhou, China]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:敦煌研究院考古研究所研究員
Keyword莫高窟第72窟=Mogao Cave 72; 彌勒經變=Maitreya Sutra illustration; 榜題=inscription
Abstract數字化技術是佛教圖像研究的新手段。本文利用新完成的敦煌莫高窟第72窟北壁彌勒經變數字化圖像,對該經變進行了細致考察​​,確認多數畫面與榜題可以識讀,首次完整抄錄該經變的榜題文字並與經文、畫面進行比對,發現該經變主要依據義凈翻譯的《佛說彌勒下生成佛經》繪制,但還有較多內容吸納了之前翻譯的幾部彌勒經典,甚至還有少量非彌勒經典的內容,從而對該經變內容有了更準確的認識。

A close examination of the newly obtained digital images of the Maitreya illustration on the north wall in Mogao cave 72 suggests that most of the scenes and inscriptions can be successfully identified with the aid of new digital technology. By transcribing the inscriptions and texts accompanying the sutra illustration and comparing them with the pictorial representations, the author confirms that the illustration was painted mainly according to the Sutra of Meditation on Maitreya Bodhisattva’s Rebirth Below in Ketumati translated by Yi Jing. Besides this primary model, the illustration absorbed material from a few earlier translated versions of the same sutra and even borrowed from a few sutras that have nothing to do with Maitreya at all. This study allows us to gain a more accurate picture of this illustration and is an excellent example of how research technology innovations can prove effective in the study of ancient history.
Table of contents一 多數榜題出自義凈譯《佛說彌勒下生成佛經》 28
(一)少數榜題據經文改編 29
(二)少數畫面與榜題不符 29
(三)不標榜題 30
(四)榜題與畫面重復 30
二 少數畫面與榜題出自其他彌勒經典 31
(一)出自鳩摩羅什譯《佛說彌勒下生成佛經》 31
(二)出自鳩摩羅什譯《彌勒成佛經》 31
三 少數畫面參考了其他佛經 32
(一)出自佛傳題材 32
(二)西方凈土題材 32
四 來源不明的畫面 32
五 後論 33
附錄:莫高窟第72窟北壁彌勒經變解讀 33
ISSN10004106 (P)
Hits196
Created date2020.11.09
Modified date2020.12.11



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