Site mapAbout usConsultative CommitteeAsk LibrarianContributionCopyrightCitation GuidelineDonationHome        

CatalogAuthor AuthorityGoogle
Search engineFulltextScripturesLanguage LessonsLinks

Extra service
The Formation of Canons in the Early Indian Nikāyas or Schools in the Light of the New Gāndhārī Manuscript Finds
Author Allon, Mark
Source Buddhist Studies Review
Volumev.35 n.1-2
Pages225 - 244
PublisherEquinox Publishing Ltd.
Publisher Url
LocationSheffield, UK [謝菲爾德, 英國]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
NoteSpecial Issue: Buddhist Path, Buddhist Teachings: Studies in Memory of L.S. Cousins
Author Affiliations: University of Sydney
Keywordformation of Buddhist canons; transmission of āgama / nikāya collections; Gāndhārī manuscripts; Gandhāran text culture
AbstractThe new Gāndhārī manuscript finds from Afghanistan and Pakistan, which date from approximately the first century BCE to the third or fourth century CE, are the earliest manuscript witnesses to the literature of the Indian Buddhist nikāyas or schools. They preserve texts whose parallels are found in the various Tripiṭakas, or what remains of them, preserved in other languages and belonging to various nikāyas, including sections of āgamas such as the Ekottarikāgama and Vana-saṃyutta of the Saṃyutta-nikāya/Saṃyuktāgama and anthologies of such sūtras, besides many texts that are not generally classed as "canonical", such as commentaries. These very early collections of texts raise questions concerning canon-formation, such as whether the Gandhāran communities that produced these manuscripts had fixed āgama collections and closed canons or whether this material witnesses a stage in which collections and canons were still relatively fluid and open, and whether these manuscripts, which span several centuries, witness a shift towards fixity. This paper addresses these issues and re-examines our understanding of the formation of the canons of the early Indian nikāyas in light of the new Gāndhārī manuscript finds.
Table of contentsOverview of the new Buddhist manuscript finds 225
Relationship between the Gāndhārī texts and their parallels preserved in other languages 227
Limitations in our ability to fully understand this material 227
What the new manuscripts tell us about canon formation, the development of stable āgamas, and fixity 227
Evidence for the existence of āgamas 228
Oral transmission and fixity 236
Summary reflections 239
Note 240
Bibliography 241
ISSN02652897 (P); 17479681 (E)
Created date2021.01.01
Modified date2021.01.10

Best viewed with Chrome, Firefox, Safari(Mac) but not supported IE


You are leaving our website for The full text resources provided by the above database or electronic journals may not be displayed due to the domain restrictions or fee-charging download problems.

Record correction

Please delete and correct directly in the form below, and click "Apply" at the bottom.
(When receiving your information, we will check and correct the mistake as soon as possible.)

Serial No.

Search History (Only show 10 bibliography limited)
Search Criteria Field Codes
Search CriteriaBrowse