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宝亀年間に於ける僧綱の変容=The Transformation of Sogo 僧綱 during the Hoki 宝亀 Period
Author 本郷真紹 (著)=Hongo, Masatsugu (au.)
Source 史林=The Journal of history
Volumev.68 n.2 (總號=n.330)
Pages218 - 252
Publisher Url
Location京都, 日本 [Kyoto, Japan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Abstract本稿は、律令国家の仏教行政の運営に中心的な役割を果した僧綱の性格が宝亀年間に於いて変化することを僧綱の補任及び僧綱政の実態の点から指摘し、その意義付けを試みるものである。道鏡の失脚以前の段階に於いては、治病能力を有する僧の僧綱への任用が頻繁に行われ、また僧綱の行政的職務(綱務) は特定の僧綱がそれに専当していたのに対し、以降の段階に於いては、律師より順を追って昇任する補任の原則が確立されると共に、治病能力を媒介とした僧綱への任用が止み、全ての僧綱が直接綱務を執るようになった。このような僧綱の変容は、宝亀三年の十禅師の設置・制度化と密接に関連するものであり、この時点で国家による僧綱の改革、即ち行政官吏としての性格が強い僧綱の確立がはかられた結果として捉えることができる。

In the administration of Buddhism in the Ritsuryo 律令 government, Sogo played a central part, the supreme post in the hierarchy. In this article, we try to make clear the change of this post in nature and its significance by examining the realities of the appointment and of the functions. Before the downfall of Dokyo 道鏡, the priests having the ability to cure the sick, particularly the Emperors, were often appointed as Sogos. And only specified Sogos could perform the administrative functions. After that, the principle was established that priests should take the post of Risshi 律師, the third rank in Sogo, before being promoted to a higher post. At the same time, it ceased to be an important condition of the appointment whether a priest had the ability to cure the sick or not. This transformation was closely related to the institution of Juzenji 十禅師. At that time the government, we think, intended to reform Sogo so that the major function of Sogo might be that of an administrator.
Table of contentsはじめに 218
第一章 僧網補任の実態 220
第二章 僧網執務の実態 231
第三章 僧正について 241
第四章 僧網の変容 246
おわりに 251
ISSN03869369 (P)
Created date2021.01.08
Modified date2021.01.08

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