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敦煌の寺戸について=On the Ssu hu 寺戸, Selves Belong to the Buddhist Temple in the Tun-huang 敦煌
Author 竺沙雅章 (著)=Chikusa, Masaaki (au.)
Source 史林=The Journal of history
Volumev.44 n.5 (總號=n.189)
Pages704 - 737
Publisher Url
Location京都, 日本 [Kyoto, Japan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Abstract敦煌発見文書のなかで寺戸関係文書は数点存するが、いずれも吐蕃支配期 (七八一-八四七) のものである。そのうち未紹介の S. 542 v. 「戌年諸寺丁壮車牛役部」は敦煌金寺院の寺戸使役簿であつて、寺戸の組織と労役を知る上に貴重な資料である。それらの文書を通じて、吐蕃期の寺戸が農奴的地位にあつたことが知られる。さらに帰義軍期に入ると寺戸の制度は崩れて、梁戸などにみる新たな雇傭関係が生れた。このような寺戸制度の変遷は敦煌社会の変化を意味するとともに、唐宋変革期の課題に一つの示唆を与えるものと考える。

Among the documents found in Tun-huang 敦煌, are four about Ssu-hu 寺戸, all of which are in the period when Tibet ruled Tun-huang (781-847 A.D.). First of all, the service books of Ssu-hu in all temple of Tun-huang are in S. 542 v., which is an important resource to know the service of Ssu-hu organization at the time, and we can find that Ssu-hu in the period under Tibet control were in the state of serf. The system of Ssu-hu gave way to that of Liang-hu 梁戸 in the period of Kuei-i-chün 帰義軍 without any personal restriction, which, the transition of the Ssu-hu system, shows the change of Tun-huang society in the ninth century.
Table of contents一 はしがき 704
二 寺戸文書の所在 705
三 寺戸の組織 718
四 寺戸の労役とその性格 720
1 輸送 721
2 農耕 721
3 牧畜 722
4 教団の雑役 723
5 僧俗高官の従者 723
6 守囚 724
7 専門職人 725
五 寺戸制度の変遷 727
六 むすび 734
ISSN03869369 (P)
Created date2021.01.14
Modified date2021.01.14

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