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Zhiyi’s Notion of Disease and Its Relationship with Taoism
Author Li, Si-long
Source International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture=국제불교문화사상사학회
Volumev.28 n.1
Pages87 - 105
PublisherInternational Association for Buddhist Thought and Culture
Publisher Url
LocationSeoul, Korea [首爾, 韓國]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
NoteLI Silong is currently a psofessor in the Philosophy Department at Peking University, China.
KeywordTraditional Chinese Medicine; Taoist Medicine; Buddhist Medicine; Disease; Zhiyi
AbstractVen. Master Zhiyi (538-597) is the founder of Tiantai Buddhism in the sixth century. This paper highlights the concept of disease and various treatments of it in Tiantai Buddhism, based mainly on several of Zhiyi’s important treatises on meditation, such as Mohe zhiguan, Tongmeng zhiguan, and Cidi chanmen. Although the perfect treatment method of disease suggested by Zhiyi was to contemplate disease in its reality, he discussed the symptoms and causes of various diseases in detail. Zhiyi interpreted Buddhist notion of disease in both Indian and Chinese medical terminologies in the context of traditional Chinese medicine. In particular, as an introduction of concrete treatment methods, Zhiyi explained different methods derived from Buddhism, Taoism and folk healing techniques; for example, usage of herbal medicine, treatment with six kinds of Qi and with twelve kinds of breathing.
All of these methods and terminologies, in the end formed a system of medical culture that integrated traditional Chinese medicine and Indian Buddhist medicine, and also included Taoist medicine and folk healing.

Table of contentsAbstract
Introduction 89
The Four Great Elements and Five Internal Organs: Zhiyi’s Theoretical Framework on Disease 90
Qi and the Five Fundamental Elements: Traditional Chinese Methods of Treatment 96
Six Qi Treatments: The Typical Case of Absorbing Taoist Treatment Method 99
Brief Conclusion: Adjusting for Harmony and Observing the Mind 102
References 105
ISSN15987914 (P)
Created date2021.03.12
Modified date2021.03.12

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