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Six Perfections (pāramitā) in the Tattvārtha Chapter of the Bodhisattvabhūmi
Author Takahashi, Koichi (著)=高橋晃一 (au.)
Source International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture=국제불교문화사상사학회
Volumev.28 n.1
Pages137 - 158
PublisherInternational Association for Buddhist Thought and Culture
Publisher Url
LocationSeoul, Korea [首爾, 韓國]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
NoteTAKAHASHI Koichi 高橋晃一 is an associate professor at the University of Tokyo.
Keywordthe Inexpressibility of the vastu; Six Perfections (pāramitā); Mind Only; Bodhisattvabhūmi; Yogācāra
AbstractThe Yogācāra, one of the schools of Mahāyāna Buddhism, advocated mind only or vijñaptimātratā as their philosophy. At the same time, the Yogācāra school advances the position that the six perfections (pāramitā) are significant for the bodhisattva. One study indicates that originally mind only and the six perfections are isolated from each other. The study investigates the Saṃdhinirmocana-sūtra and points out that the sūtra treated these two categories in different chapters respectively. Another study shows that the Mahāyānasaṃgraha considers mind only and the six perfections to be in an interdependent relationship. The study, however, suggests that this tendency is peculiar to the Mahāyānasaṃgraha, and cannot be found in other Yogācāra texts. It seems as if most Yogācāra works originally did not associate its philosophical thought with ethical practices. However, the Bodhisattvabhūmi, one of the portions of the Yogācārabhūmi, indicates that realization of reality is fundamentally related to the six perfections. In general, the Bodhisattvabhūmi is considered to belong to the oldest layer of the Yogācārabhūmi. It does not advance the doctrine of mind only; but promotes the inexpressibility of the vastu as the characteristic philosophical viewpoint of the Bodhisattvabhūmi. It says that if the bodhisattva realizes the inexpressibility of the vastu, consequently he will be able to behave for the benefit of others. The statement evidently intends to explain the connection between the inexpressibility of the vastu and the six perfections, but it does not use technical terms with regard to the six perfections. As a result, this statement has not attracted scholarly attention. This paper aims to explicate that the Bodhisattvabhūmi deals with the six perfections in the context of recognizing true reality. The investigation will provide evidence that the Yogācāra school correlated the six perfections with the realization of philosophical reality from the beginning of the establishment of its thought.
Table of contentsAbstract
Introduction 139
Ethical Practices and Penetrating the Reality in Yogācāra Texts 140
Bodhisattva Conduct for the Benefit of Others 141
The Six Perfections and the Thirty-seven Factors of Enlightenment in the Dazhidu lun 143
The Six Perfections and the Thirty-seven Factors in the Bodhisattvabhūmi 145
The Philosophical Viewpoint of the Bodhisattvabhūmi 147
The Six Perfections in the Bodhisattvabhūmi 148
Relationship Between Philosophical Theory and Ethical Practice in the Bodhisattvabhūmi 150
Conclusion 151
References 157
ISSN15987914 (P)
Created date2021.03.12
Modified date2021.03.12

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