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《天台座主記》所見日本平安時代天台宗的發展= The Development of Tendai Buddhism in Heian Japan in Tendaizasuki
Author 郭珮君 =Kuo, Pei-chun
Source 2018 第七屆漢傳佛教與聖嚴思想國際學術研討會
Date2018.06.29
Publisher財團法人聖嚴教育基金會
Publisher Url https://www.shengyen.org.tw/index.aspx?lang=cht
Location臺北, 臺灣 [Taipei, Taiwan]
Content type會議論文=Proceeding Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note研討主題及子題:https://www.ddm.org.tw/default-ddmtw/%E5%BC%98%E5%8C%96%E5%8B%95%E6%85%8B/%E3%80%90%E8%81%96%E5%9F%BA%E6%9C%83%E3%80%91%E7%AC%AC%E4%B8%83%E5%B1%86%E6%BC%A2%E5%82%B3%E4%BD%9B%E6%95%99%E8%88%87%E8%81%96%E5%9A%B4%E6%80%9D%E6%83%B3%E5%9C%8B%E9%9A%9B%E5%AD%B8%E8%A1%93%E7%A0%94%E8%A8%8E%E6%9C%83%E2%94%80%E2%94%80%E6%95%98%E4%BA%8B%E3%80%81%E5%82%B3%E6%92%AD%E8%88%87%E7%8F%BE%E4%BB%A3%E7%A4%BE%E6%9C%83_98226
Keyword《天台座主記》=Tendaizasuki; 天台宗=Tendai Buddhism; 天台座主=Tendaizasu; 別當=Betto; 寺院管理=management of temples
Abstract《天台座主記》提供歷代天台座主就任的紀錄,是考察日本天台宗歷史的重要資料。透過《天台座主記》的內容,可以對歷任天台座主的出身背景產生基礎認識,也可以初步掌握其間的重要事件。《天台座主記》中保留的太政官牒、宣命抄錄,更是理解平安時代寺院管理體制時不可或缺的珍貴資料。隨著日本天台宗的發展,亦出現相應的寺院管理制度以協助國家、朝廷掌控此一日漸壯大的組織。本研究希望從寺院管理體制的角度,說明「天台座主」、「別當」兩項重要管理職的性質,分析平安時代天台宗延曆寺在寺院管理制度中體現出的特色與意義,並藉由管理職出現的變化,討論此一時期天台宗的發展。日本的僧官體制在奈良時代已有相當規模,隨著遷都平安京等政治情勢的變化,天台宗的成立更是帶給既有僧官體制新的衝突與挑戰。透過《天台座主記》中對早期天台座主職的記載,本研究將試著釐清天台座主職的意義,以及其成立過程背景中的脈絡。

The Development of Tendai Buddhism in Heian Japan in Tendaizasuki Pei-Chun Kuo (PhD Candidate, History Department of National Taiwan University) Tendaizasuki 天台座主記which provides chronological records of Tendaizasu, the leader of Japanese Tendai School, is an important source to realize the history of Japanese Tendai Buddhism. With Tendaizasuki, not only the personal background of Tendaizasu, but the incidents between them can be observed. Also, many daijoukancho太政官牒(official letter sent by the great council of state) and senmyo宣命(Emperor's order) were preserved, and became remarkable statement of the management of temples in Heian Japan. Along with the development of Tendai Buddhism in Japan, a proper management to control this huge organization was required. This article will focus on the management of temples, through the analysis of Tendaizasu and Betto別當, to illustrate the characteristic of Enryaku-ji延曆寺, and discuss the development of Tendai Buddhism in Heian Japan. Japanese system of rankings for Buddhist clergy has been developed in Nara period, with the transition of political background, it has been challenged by Tendai Buddhism in Heian period. By means of the accounts of early Tendaizasu, the significance of this position, and the contexts of its development will be clarified in this article.
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Created date2021.03.16
Modified date2023.10.25



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