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臺灣殖民時期「佛教教化」與「迷信陋習」改革 的推動 ─ 以曾景來(1902-1977)為中心
Author 闞正宗 (著)=Kan, Cheng-tsung (au.)
Source 法鼓佛學學報=Dharma Drum Journal of Buddhist Studies
Pages105 - 142
Publisher Url
Location新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Associate Professor
Department of Buddhist Studies, Fo Guang University College
Keyword殖民地=Colony; 迷信=Superstition; 皇民化運動=Imperial Naturalization Movement,; 臺灣=Taiwan; 曾景來=Zeng Jing-lai

While the Meiji Restoration sought the modernization of the Japanese nation, Japanese Buddhists were also trying to break away from Asian traditions, favoring scientific research methods. After Taiwan became a colony in 1895, Buddhist Chaplains also came to Taiwan and deemed Taiwanese religion to be characterized by “superstitions”, “Buddhism and Taoist hybridization” or “Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism syncretism”. The quality of both Buddhist monks and lay people was the object of criticism.
Following certain historical events, the colonial religious policies were changed or revised: after the Mukden Incident of 1931, Taiwan entered the “Assimilation and Imperial Naturalization” stage (1931-1945). When the Sino-Japanese war broke out, the colonial government started the “Temple Consolidation Movement” following the “Imperialization Movement Policy”. The “National Spirit Mobilization Participation Convention” was held at in the Hsinchu Convention Hall, initiating the Temple Consolidation Movement in the Hsinchu Prefecture.
This article focuses on the Japanese colonial Buddhist history in Taiwan to discuss how the Japanese colonizer implemented their “Superstition Reform Movement” through the so-called “Process of Civilization” for the purpose of Modernization. This research was also conducted on the basis of Zeng Jing-lai’s “Taiwanese Religions and Superstition” (Pu Xin, 1902-1977).
Table of contents一、前言 108
二、日人對臺灣佛教的印象 110
(一)佐佐木珍龍的《從軍實歷夢遊談》 110
(二)橋本定幢的《再度日誌》 112
三、「西來庵事件」後的宗教調查 113
(一)「西來庵事件」 113
(二)宗教調查的展開 115
(三)「南瀛佛教會」 119
四、曾景來的《臺灣宗教と迷信陋習》 122
(一)生平 122
(二)曾景來的「迷信陋習」改革與殖民政策 125
1.《臺灣宗教と迷信陋習》 126
2.殖民政策 132
五、結語 136
ISSN19968000 (P)
Created date2021.04.28
Modified date2021.04.28

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