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聖嚴法師人間淨土思想立場的抉擇=Discerning a Choice for Humanity From Master Sheng Yen’s Teachings on Humanistic Buddhism
Author 林其賢 (著)=Lin, Chi-Hsien (au.)
Source 聖嚴研究:第二輯=Studies of Master Sheng Yen No.2
Pages155 - 200
Publisher Url
Location臺北, 臺灣 [Taipei, Taiwan]
Series No.2
Content type專題研究論文=Research Paper
Associate Professor, National Pingtung Institute of Commerce
Keyword佛教現代化; 人生佛教=Buddhist Humanism; 人間佛教=Buddhism for Humans; 人間淨土=A Pure Land on Earth for Humanity; 太虛=Master Tai Xu; 印順=Master Ying Shun; 聖嚴=Master Sheng Yen

Master Tai Xu(太虛)proclaimed “Buddhist Humanism”(人生佛教); Master Ying Shun(印順)advocated “Buddhism for Humans”(人間佛教); and Master Sheng Yen(聖嚴) advocated “A Pure Land on Earth for Humanity.”(人間淨土) The teachings of these three masters represent the development of Chinese Buddhist reform for different generations. What did Master Sheng Yen inherit from his predecessors? What did he contribute to the discourse of humanistic Buddhism? These are the main questions for discussion in the article.
In order to appreciate the differences and similarities among the three masters, I use the Four Noble Truths of Suffering, Cause of Suffering, Cessation of Suffering, and the Path as a model or lens to examine their teachings. “Suffering” represents the crisis and perceived decline in Chinese Buddhism to which these masters were responding to. “Cause of Suffering” refers to the analysis of this crisis by these masters. “Cessation” refers to the direction of the developments and the guidance of these master’s teachings. “The Path” refers to their projects that aim to actualize their teachings.
Differences existed among the three masters. However, their teachings exhibit more similarities because they share the same approach to advancing Buddhism in modern times; they also share a basic spirit and aim of Chinese Buddhism. From this perspective, they do not deviate from other Buddhist leaders during their time. I argue that their difference lies mainly in their theoretical foundations in Buddhism, attitudes toward epistemology, and the importance of Chan (or meditation) experience in their teachings.
Table of contents一、前言:問題與方法 157
(一) 問題的提出 157
(二) 四聖諦方法為框架 158
二、太虛大師「人生佛教」思想主軸 162
(一) 當代佛教遭逢的問題 162
(二) 佛教現代化的方向:人生佛教 165
(三) 人生佛教精神:不離人生的成佛歷程 168
三、印順導師「人間佛教」思想主軸 173
(一)「人間佛教」精神:佛在人間 174
(二) 佛法:人間凡夫學菩薩行 176
四、聖嚴法師思想根本立場 180
(一) 聖嚴法師對人間佛教的繼承與發揚 180
(二) 太虛、印順二大師的思想立場 186
(三) 聖嚴法師的抉擇 190
五、結語 197
Created date2021.07.22
Modified date2022.05.20

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