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佛教信仰方式的現代性建構 ── 以聖嚴法師佛教建設的相關理念為中心=The Modernity Construction of Patterns of Buddhist Faith: Centered on Master Sheng Yen’s Concept about the Construction of Buddhism
Author 李向平 (著)=Li, Xiang-ping (au.)
Source 聖嚴研究:第九輯=Studies of Master Sheng Yen Vol.9
Date2017.11
Pages383 - 409
Publisher法鼓文化
Publisher Url http://www.ddc.com.tw/
Location臺北, 臺灣 [Taipei, Taiwan]
Series聖嚴思想論叢
Series No.9
Content type專題研究論文=Research Paper
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:上海華東師範大學社會學系系主任/宗教與社會研究中心主任
Director, Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies Associate Professor, Dharma Drum Institute of Liberal Arts
Keyword佛教制度=institution of Buddhist; 現代性=modernity; 制度建設=institution of construction
Abstract中國佛教傳統的一個最基本要素即是叢林制度、教團制度的建設,做為佛教存在與淨化人心社會的基本支持。近代太虛大師集中在教理、教產、教制層面的佛教革命思想,在很大的層面上就是針對佛教叢林制度的渙散、無用而發動的。唯有佛教制度的革命才是教理、教產革命的基礎問題。只有解決了佛教制度的設計與建構問題,才能夠把教理、教產的問題予以最後、最好的解決。
聖嚴法師一生力圖恢復正信的佛教,並將太虛大師、印順法師流傳下來的人間佛教思想予以現代化的革新與發展,佛教制度問題的討論與解決可以說是聖嚴法師有關佛教建設的一個重要方面,並且在此過程中體現了佛教的正信立場及其現代性視角,致力於漢傳佛教的現代性建構及其深刻的詮釋,致力於把心靈、信仰建設與教團制度建設緊密結合,最後呈現為漢傳佛教信仰系統的現代性建構。實際上,佛教制度既是一種行為規則,也是一種以信、解、行、證為主要內容的信仰方式,同時也是一種引導社會、淨化人心的價值規範,引導社會行動的方式,使他人的觀念與行為變得具有確定性與預見性,為社會交往提供一種確定的結構。本文擬從宗教社會學的理論與方法出發,以聖嚴法師有關佛教戒律與制度建設的思想為中心,整理並且論述聖嚴法師的相關著述,進而討論佛教信仰方式、僧團、教團及其制度的現代性建設。

One of the most basic elements of traditional Chinese Buddhism is the construction of Buddhist monastery System and caste system, which is the underlying support for Buddhist existence and purging human souls and society. Modern master Taixu’s thought of the Buddhism revolutionary was focused on the theory, property and system, which in a great level be aimed at the lax and useless of system of Buddhist monastery, so we could say that only Buddhist systems are the basic problem about doctrines and property. Only solve the problem about design and construction of Buddhist systems, then will have the last and best solution for the problem about doctrines and property of Buddhist.
Master Sheng Yen was trying to restore real Buddhist faith in his life, and also committed himself to reform and develop the master Taixu’s and Yinshun’s thought of humanistic Buddhism, and based on the perspective of the real faith and modernity of Buddhism, he had constructed and interpreted Chinese Buddhism modernity and deeply, and had constructed in close combination with the spiritual, faith and system, finally presented to modernity construct of Chinese Buddhism belief systems.
Actually, Buddhism system is a kind of behavior rules, and is a kind of belief pattern for guiding action with faith, and is a kind of value standard for guiding social and purging human souls, and also is a way to lead social action, those will make other people's ideas and behavior more certainty and predictability, finally it will provide a certain structure for social interaction. This paper starting from the theory and method of the Buddhist sociology, centered on Master Sheng Yen’s thoughts about Buddhist precepts and system construction, to gather and discourse his relative writings, and then discuss the modernity construction about patterns, sangha, caste and institution of Buddhist.
Table of contents一、問題的提出 385
二、漢傳佛教的現代建設 388
(一) 佛教改革的百年遺產 388
(二) 佛教教育與現代人才培養 390
(三) 現代佛教制度理性的建設 393
(四) 心性覺悟與佛教心性政治學 395
三、佛教制度及其現代性關聯 399
參考文獻 407
英文摘要 408
Hits195
Created date2021.08.06
Modified date2021.08.06



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