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江戶時代佛教與政治之關係:以本末制度與寺檀制度為探討=The Relationship between Buddhism and Politics during the Edo Period: A Discussion of the Honmatsu Seido and Jidan Seido
Author 釋道禮=Shi, Dao-li
Source 圓光佛學學報=Yuan Kuang Journal of Buddhist Studies
Pages71 - 112
Publisher圓光佛學研究所=Yuan Kuang Buddhist College
Publisher Url
Location桃園縣, 臺灣 [Taoyuean hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword德川幕府=Tokugawa Shogunate; 金地院崇傳=Konchiin Sūden; 「諸宗寺院法度」=The Law to Buddhist Temples Enacted; 本末制度=Honmatsu Seido; 寺檀制度=Jidan Seido

The purpose of this paper is to explore the political intention of the Tokugawa Shogunate which formulates laws and regulations of Buddhism in the Edo period so as to make Buddhism become the important administrative agency of the government. Konchiin Sūden, a monk of the Linji school(金地院崇傳, 1569-1633), was initially responsible for the religious affairs of the Tokugawa Shogunate. He assisted the shogunate in drafting the "The Law to Buddhist Temples Enacted" which includes the main and branches temple system, rewards for learning etiquette as well as the
appointment of monks. In "The Law to Buddhist Temples Enacted", the Honmatsu Seido and the Jidan Seido have the greatest influence on the management of Buddhist groups and the general public. These systems even affect today's Japanese society until now.
To govern the Buddhist Order, the Tokugawa Shogunate established the Honmatsu Seido which clearly stipulated the
relationship between main temple and their branches at the beginning of the Shogunate and placed the branch temples under the supervision of the main temple. Using relationship between the temple and the dātṛ, Tokugawa Shogunate made the Jidan Seido a household registration management system. Buddhist monasteries were incorporated into the
shogunate system and monks were responsible for the household registration management of various believers. People, regardless of their actual beliefs, must belong to a Buddhist monastery and become their dāna and dātṛ so that the interaction of the temple and the believers produced the steady of Jidan Seido, a parishioner system. Although the Tokugawa Shogunate ruled the people and stabilized the government by implementing religious policies; on the other hand, Buddhism also had the willingness to actively assume this responsibility so as to obtain the guarantee in control of secular power.
Table of contents一、前言 76
二、金地院崇傳與「寺院諸法度」 78
(一) 圓照本光國師-金地院崇傳 79
(二) 德川幕府下達的「寺院法度」 83
三、本末制度所形成之權力機構組織 95
四、寺檀制度與日本封建社會的戶籍管理 104
五、結語 108
引用文獻 110
一、日文史料 110
二、專書 111
三、期刊、工具書、網路資源 112
ISSN16086848 (P)
Created date2021.08.25
Modified date2022.08.03

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