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聖嚴法師的殯葬革新社會運動=Master Sheng Yen’s Social Movement for Funeral & Burial Innovation
Author 周柔含 (著)=Chou, Jou-han (au.)
Source 聖嚴研究:第十二輯=Studies of Master Sheng Yen Vol.12
Date2019.08
Pages7 - 61
Publisher法鼓文化
Publisher Url http://www.ddc.com.tw/
Location臺北, 臺灣 [Taipei, Taiwan]
Series聖嚴思想論叢
Series No.12
Content type專題研究論文=Research Paper
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:慈濟大學宗教與人文研究所副教授
Institute of Religion and Humanity, Tzu Chi University, Associate Professor
Keyword殯葬改革=Funeral & Burial Reform; 佛化聯合奠祭=Buddhist combined funeral ritual; 環保自然葬=Ecofriendly natural burial; 聖嚴法師=Master Sheng Yen
Abstract近一、二十年來環保意識抬頭,地方政府陸續推動環保自然葬,漸漸獲得民眾的認同與接納。華人社會以「土葬」為主的殯葬觀念已歷經數千年,要改變民眾長久以來的傳統殯葬文化習俗並非容易的事,建立民眾正確殯葬觀念更是移風易俗的重要關鍵。儘管政府法令政策的修訂扮演推波助瀾的角色,光靠政府的倡導仍有其局限,更有賴宗教團體、民間團體協助推動與宣導。
本研究旨在探究臺灣殯葬文化從「土葬―環保自然葬」之重大變革原因與契機,梳理近百年臺灣殯葬管理政策的轉變,並探討聖嚴法師提出之殯葬觀念,進而討論法師推動「佛化聯合奠祭」及「環保自然葬」二場殯葬文化改革之社會運動及過程與貢獻。

With the growing environmental-consciousness during the last ten to twenty years, local governments have been promoting eco-friendly natural burial, which has gradually been accepted by the public. For thousands of years, placing the dead body into the ground has been the dominant burial practice in Chinese society. To change the long-held burial customs is not an easy task and the crucial part is to set up proper funeral and burial perception. Although the revision of government policy will definitely play a promoting role, the advocacy of the government alone still has its limitations. It also depends on religious groups and civil society organizations to help promote and publicize.
The purpose of this study is first to explore the reasons and opportunities for the great conversion of Taiwan funeral and burial culture from conventional burial to ecofriendly natural burial, secondly to examine the shifts in the funeral management policy of Taiwan during the last hundred years, thirdly to look at the funeral and burial perception proposed by Master Sheng Yen and further discuss the process and contributions of his two social movements for funeral and burial reform: Buddhist combined funeral ritual and ecofriendly natural burial.
Table of contents一、前言 9
二、殯葬管理政策實施背景與沿革 15
三、聖嚴法師對殯葬之想法 18
四、殯葬禮儀提昇 ── 佛化聯合奠祭 24
五、最後的身教 ── 環保自然葬 32
六、小結 40
參考文獻 44
英文摘要 49
附錄:全國實施環保自然葬法之地點及執行成效 56
Hits126
Created date2021.08.26
Modified date2021.08.26



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