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晚清臺灣齋堂題匾之官紳=Officials and Local Gentries Inscribed on Zhaitang Plagues During the Late Qing Dynasty
Author 闞正宗 (著)
Source 佛光學報=Fo Guang Journal of Buddhist Studies
Volumen.1 新8卷
Pages243 - 274
Publisher Url
Location宜蘭縣, 臺灣 [I-lan hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword羅教=Luojiao; 齋堂=Zhaitang; 《五部六冊》=Wu Bu Liou Ce 五部六冊 (Zhaijiao sutras); 匾額=Zhaitang plagues


Though regarded by the authorities as heretical cults, various branches of Luojiao 羅教 (Luo teaching) still propagated in northern China during the Jiaqing Period (1796-1820). Starting from the Daoguang period (1820-1850), the Viceroy of Min-Zhe aggressively persecuted the Luo sect in Hubei, having already done so in Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Fujian. The sect’s supporters were all intellectuals who had passed the imperial exams. Despite suffering repeated persecutions, the Luo sect maintained its activities in northern and southern China in the Guangxu period (1875-1908). It continued to receive support, both from intellectuals as well as officials and gentry.

Luojiao, also called as Zhaijiao 齋教 (vegetarian teaching), was brought into Taiwan in the early Qianlong period. Although it was frequently suppressed by authorities in mainland China due to being regarded as a secret cult, there is no record of such crackdowns in Taiwan. Rather, Taiwanese records show the existence of many Zhaitang 齋堂 (vegetarian hall) established by the Luo sect in Taiwan. This article aims to study the development of Zhaijiao by means of eight plagues found in Taiwanese Zhaitang, seeking to understand the weakening of the suppression of Luojiao after the Daoguang period, as well as the support provided by officials and gentry to the development of Zhaijiao in Taiwan in the late Qing.
Table of contents一、前言 246
二、晚明佛教與羅教交涉 247
三、晚清對羅教的取締 252
四、羅教入臺與官紳對齋教的護持 256
(一)齋教三派入臺與傳播 256
1. 龍華派 257
2. 金幢派 257
3. 先天派 258
4. 清代官方的臺灣齋堂印象 258
(二)官紳的護持與齋教、佛教交涉 260
1. 官紳的護持 260
2. 齋教與佛教交涉 265
3. 晚清臺灣方志的齋堂 268
五、結語 270
ISSN24143006 (P)
Created date2022.02.16
Modified date2023.05.23

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