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東亞文化交流中的漢傳佛教信仰表現:以日本平安時代的如法經為線索=Religious Representations of Chinese Buddhism in East Asian Cultural Interactions: Focusing on Nyohokyo in Heian Japan
Author 郭珮君 =Kuo, Pei-chun
Source 2021 第八屆漢傳佛教與聖嚴思想國際學術研討會
Date2021.06.30
Publisher財團法人聖嚴教育基金會
Publisher Url https://www.shengyen.org.tw/index.aspx?lang=cht
Location臺北, 臺灣 [Taipei, Taiwan]
Content type會議論文=Proceeding Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note2021第八屆漢傳佛教與聖嚴思想國際學術研討會議程及手冊下載:https://www.shengyen.org.tw/news.aspx?lang=cht&pid=6476
歷年聖嚴思想國際研討會主題:http://www.chibs.edu.tw/comminicate_tw.php?id=34
Keyword《如法經》=Nyohokyo; 《法華經》=Lotus Sutra; 寫經=Manuscripts; 天台佛教=Tiantai / Tendai Buddhism; 東亞文化交流=East Asian Cultural Interactions
Abstract本文以日本平安時代的如法經信仰為線索,探討此一信仰形成的過程及論述,進一步思索漢傳佛教在東亞文化交流上可能具有的意義。所謂如法經,是在特定儀式規範下書寫的《法華經》,延伸至寫經供養及經塚埋藏。如法經信仰僅見於日本,可說是漢傳佛教傳入日本後的在地化表現。值得注意的是,初期的如法經信仰上溯至圓仁,相當強調和中國佛教的連結,可作為具體例證考察漢傳佛教信仰表現在東亞的流布。日本天台宗成立後,不斷強調自身宗派傳承自唐代天台的如法佛教,此論述深刻影響到日本佛教史的建構。本文將以《門葉記》、《如法經手記》、《如法經現修作法》等現存如法經相關儀式文本為核心資料,分析如法經信仰的要素,並梳理此一信仰形成的背景與其發展。同時,透過中國佛教文獻如《法苑珠林》、《集神州三寶感通錄》中對於書寫《法華經》利益的描寫,比較中日之間《法華經》寫經信仰的異同,具體說明日本的如法經信仰如何在東亞佛教的大脈絡下固定化、儀式化,而成為日本在地化的信仰表現。

This article focuses on Nyohokyo in Heian Japan, through investigating how Nyohokyo was formed and discussed, to illustrate the possible meaning of Chinese Buddhism in East Asian cultural interactions. Nyohokyo literally means manuscripts that handwritten as dharma defines and offering as dharma suggests, and gradually became strictly restricted with rituals. While Nyohokyo was only found in Japan, it is originally a localized representation of Chinese Buddhism. That is, Nyohokyo could be an example to investigate how Chinese Buddhism transmitted in East Asia. Tendai school in Japan kept emphasizing they were following the Dharma from Tiantai school in Tang, and this discourse has shaped the construction of Japanese Buddhism. The earliest Nyohokyo was traced back to Ennin (794-864) and extremely connected to Chinese Buddhism. This article will inspect detailed accounts of Nyohokyo in different texts and compare to the narrative of merits generated from copying Lotus Sutra in medieval China, to analyze the elements of religious representations and offer a comprehensive narration of Nyohokyo’s background and development.
Hits330
Created date2022.06.14
Modified date2023.10.25



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