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Science and Philosophy in the Indian Buddhist Classics, Vol. 1: The Physical World
Author Compendium Compilation Committee (著) ; His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama (引言) ; Coghlan, Ian James (譯) ; Thupten Jinpa (編)
PublisherSimon & Schuster
Publisher Url
LocationNew Delhi, India [新德里, 印度]
Content type書籍=Book
AbstractExplore the nature of our material world in a unique sourcebook, conceived by the Dalai Lama, collecting the scientific observations found in classical Buddhist treatises.

Under the visionary supervision of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, Science and Philosophy in the Indian Buddhist Classics brings together classical Buddhist explorations of the nature of our material world and the human mind and puts them into context for the modern reader. It is the Dalai Lama’s view that the explorations by the great masters of northern India in the first millennium CE still have much that is of interest today, whether we are Buddhist or not.

Volume 1, The Physical World, explores the nature of our material world—from the macroscopic to the microscopic. It begins with an overview of the many frameworks, such as the so-called five aggregates, that Buddhist thinkers have used to examine the nature and scope of reality. Topics include sources of knowledge, the scope of reason, the nature and constituents of the material world, theories of the atom, the nature of time, the formation of the universe, and the evolution of life, including a detailed explanation of the early Buddhist theories on fetal development. The volume even contains a brief presentation on early theories about the structure and function of the brain and the role of microorganisms inside the human body. The book weaves together passages from the works of great Buddhist thinkers such as Asanga, Vasubandhu, Nagarjuna, Dignaga, and Dharmakirti. Each of the major topics is introduced by Thupten Jinpa, the Dalai Lama’s principal English-language translator and founder of the Institute of Tibetan Classics.
Table of contentsPreface vii
Introduction by His Holiness the Dalai Lama 1

Part 1. Overview and Methodology 33
1. Systems of Classifications 47
2. Methods of Inquiry 51
3. Reasoning in the Collected Topics 63

Part 2. Knowable Objects 71
4. Phenomena in General 83
5. The Essential Nature of Physical Entities 87
6. The Five Sense Objects 93
7. The Five Sense Faculties 113
8. Mental-Object Forms 119
9. The Casual Primary Elements 125
10. Nonassociated Formative Factors 141
11. Cause and Effects 151
12. Unconditioned Phenomena 159
13. Other Presentations of Ascertainable Objects 163

Part 3. Subtle Particles 195
14. How Subtle Particles are Posited 207
15. How Coarse Matter Is Formed 217
16. Analyzing Whether Indivisible Partials Exist 225

Part 4. Time 239
17. The Definition of Time 251
18. Positing the Three Times 259
19. The Shortest Unit of Time 267
20. Positing Subtle Impermanence 273

Part 5. The Cosmos and Its Inhabitants 283
21. The Cosmos and Its Inhabitants in Abhidharma 293
22. The Development of the Cosmos in Kālacakra Texts 307
23. How Worlds End 313
24. Motion of the Celestial Bodies 319
25. Measurement and Enumerations 325

Part 6. Fetal Development and the Channels, Winds, and Drops 337
26. The Birth Process 347
27. Fetal Development in the Sūtras 355
28. Fetal Development in the Kālacakra Tantra 369
29. Fetal Development in Buddhist Medical Texts 375
30. The Subtle Body of the Channels, Winds, and Drops 381
31. Channels and Winds in Buddhist Medical Texts 395
32. The Brain in Buddhist Medical Texts 405
33. The Relation of Body and Mins 417

Appendix: The Eighteen Topics of Chapa Chökyi Sengé 429
Notes 435
Glossary 465
Bibliography 481
Index 491
About the Authors 531
ISBN9789386797209 (pbk); 9789386797216 (ebook)
Created date2022.07.12

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