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從「一行三昧」看蘇軾的居士形象=The Kulapati Image of Su Shi and the Ekavyūha-Samādhi
Author 蕭麗華 (著)=Hsiao, Li-hua (au.)
Source 臺大中文學報=Bulletin of the Department of Chinese Literature N.T.U.
Pages59 - 100
Publisher Url
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword蘇軾=Su Shi; 居士文化=kulapati culture; 一行三昧=ekavyūha-samādhi; 文殊法門=Mañjuśrī dharma practice; 《維摩詰經》=Vimalakīrtinirdeśa Sūtra

The kulapati ‘lay Buddhist’ culture was flourished by the spread of the Vimalakīrtinirdeśa Sūtra (also known as the Weimojiejing) and reached its peak in the Song dynasty. It is interesting how the struggle between secularity and
monasticism is solved with the Vimalakīrtinirdeśa image. Master Yin-Shun (12 March 1906 - 4 June 2005) believes that the Vimalakīrtinirdeśa Sūtra belongs to the Mañjuśrī dharma practice. Inspired by this, the author examines the kulapati image
from the perspective of ekavyūha-samādhi ‘meditative consciousness of one practice’ and looks for kulapati practices that follow the purpose of the Vimalakīrtinirdeśa Sūtra. Su Shi (8 January 1037 - 24 August 1101) learned from Master Zhao-Jue of
the Huanglong Branch of the Linji School and received a formal confirmation from Master Fo-Yin (1032~1098) of the Yunmen School. He usually wore a patched robe and attended daily ceremonies with a saṁghāti under his court dress. This
shows his efforts and persistence in carrying out the practice of ekavyūha-samādhi. According to the investigation of this study, Su Shi’s practice of ekavyūha-samādhi was accomplished through the practice of the prajñā thoughts in Huayen Buddhism and Zen Buddhism. On this account, this study first explores the dharma practice of ekavyūha-samādhi in the prajñā thoughts and identifies that Su Shi’s practice of ekavyūha-samādhi was a part of the emptiness observation in the prajñā thoughts. It then scrutinizes Su Shi’s life and thought, reveals how he realizes ekavyūha-samādhi, and finally confirms with his poetry his realization from the Vimalakīrtinirdeśa Sūtra that “the secular and the sacred are equal.” Su Shi’s writings on the
Vimalakīrtinirdeśa Sūtra show his kulapati image of Vimalakīrtinirdeśa in the Song dynasty. He realized its significance through the practice of the Vimalakīrtinirdeśa Sūtra and achieved the state of liberation with abhijñā-vikurvaṇa in the mortal world. His most profound realization of Vimalakīrtinirdeśa image is about the following two (a) “Vimalakīrtinirdeśa’s illness is gone when the secular is well” and (b) “The heavenly immortal disperses petals.” Indeed, Su Shi is the best example of kulapati practitioners.
Table of contents一、前 言 5
二、般若思想中的「一行三昧」法門 8
三、蘇軾對「一行三昧」的體證 15
四、蘇軾對《維摩詰經》聖俗一如的體證 25
(一)示病維摩元不病 28
(二)天女散花 33
五、結 論 36
引用書目 37
ISSN10132422 (P)
Created date2022.08.04
Modified date2022.08.04

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