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玄奘所伝の部派仏教:『異部宗輪論』を中心に=The Sectarian Buddhism Transmitted by Xuanzang
Author 吉村誠 (著)=Yoshimura, Makoto (au.)
Source 印度學佛教學研究 =Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies=Indogaku Bukkyōgaku Kenkyū
Volumev.67 n.2 (總號=n.147)
Pages729 - 736
Publisher Url
Location東京, 日本 [Tokyo, Japan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword玄奘; 部派仏教; 説一切有部; 『異部宗輪論』; 『大唐西域記』
AbstractWhat was Xuanzang’s historical viewpoint on the history of sectarian Buddhism?

He learned the Sarvāstivādin Abhidharma for two years in Kashmir. When he returned to China, he translated the Yibu zonglun lun (Cycle of the Formation of the Schismatic Doctrines) written by a Sarvāstivādin of Kashmir. From these facts, it seems that Xuanzang was influenced by, and cultivated his historical viewpoint according to, the Sarvāstivādins of Kashmir.

But this investigation has made clear that some records contained in the Datang xiyu ji by Xuanzang are inconsistent with the Buddhist history related in the Yibu zonglun lun. Those records in the Datang xiyu ji are based on the Dīpavaṃsa produced from the southern Theravāda, and the Shelifu wen jing composed by the Mahāsāṃghika. Therefore, it should not necessarily be concluded that Xuangzang’s historical viewpoint was entirely informed by the Sarvāstivādins of Kashmir.

The reason for this is as follows: (1) At the time when Xuanzang visited India, the opposition to the Sarvāstivādins and the other sects was moderated to some extent. (2) As a Chinese Mahāyāna Buddhist, Xuanzang was in a position to view sectarian Buddhism in India with some critical distance. (3) He studied the teachings of several sects in India with a positive attitude and a strong desire to learn.
Table of contents序言 729
一 『異部宗輪論』の根本分裂 729
二 『異部宗輪論』の枝末分裂 730
三 『大唐西域記』の根本分裂 732
四 『大唐西域記』の枝末分裂 733
結語 734
ISSN00194344 (P); 18840051 (E)
Created date2022.08.15
Modified date2022.08.15

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