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艋舺龍山寺觀音會和唸佛會之歷史與現況 - 兼論女性虔信者在寺廟組織中的角色=The history of Lung-shang Temple's Kuan-in Association and Buddha-chanting Association, Also on the female believers’ role in the temple
Author 林美容 (著)=Lin, Mei-rong (au.) ; 楊璟惠 (著)=Yang, Ching-hui (au.)
Source 臺灣文獻=Taiwan Historica
Volumev.72 n.4
Pages245 - 302
Location南投市, 臺灣 [Nantou shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword觀音信仰=Kuan-In; 艋舺(萬華)龍山寺=Manka (Wanhua) Lung-Shan Temple; 女性=Female; 信徒組織=Believers’ Organization; 神明會=Deity Associations; 臺灣佛教=Taiwan Buddhism

Two associations affliated to Lung-shang Temple at Wanhua, Taipei are
explored in this paper. Kuan-in Association and Buddha-chanting Association,
both belong to Lung-shan Temple are organized by mostly female true believers
of the major deity of this temple. These two associations seem not so important,
and look like so trivial. But these female members are very active in the
everyday work of the temple, and play an important role in all sorts of religious
activities in the temple. Some of them come to the temple very early in the
morning to clean everything in the temple. Back in the earlier days, they also
cooked for the all in the temple. They chant Buddha’s names and Buddhist
scripts day and night, especially in the religious festivals many times a year.
Through collecting historical and field data, the historical development and the
organization of these two associations will be investigated, and the religious
activities engaged by the members of these two associations will be described in
detail. Finally, a brief contrast with the managing body of the temple majorly
occupied by male members will be shown by some empirical data to reveal the
conspicuous dimension of gender in which the female true believers of Kuan-in
in Lung-shan Temple, organizing themselves into two associations are indeed
the important running body of the temple. They deserve our attention in order to
understand the female dimension of Kuan-in belief in Taiwan.
Table of contents壹、前言 247
貳、艋舺龍山寺觀音會與唸佛會的沿革與組織 248
一、1924 年成立「稻江三邑觀音媽會」 251
二、1927 年龍山寺住持覺力創立觀音會 260
叁、艋舺龍山寺觀音會與唸佛會成員參與的信仰活動 278
一、觀音法會 278
二、超渡法會(7 月) 281
三、藥師法會(9 月) 282
四、彌陀法會(11 月) 283
五、早晚課 283
肆、核心女性信眾以日常效勞和法會誦經為主 284
一、從一位觀音會和唸佛會資深會員的訪談談起 284
二、與龍山寺董監事的性別反差 288
伍、結論:女性虔信者在寺廟組織中的角色 294
ISSN1016457X (P)
Created date2022.08.24
Modified date2022.08.24

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