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觀音菩薩造像之研究=The Study of Sculptures of Bodhisattva Guanyin
Author 汪育樹 (著)=Wang, Yu-shu (au.)
Publisher Url
Location新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
Content type博碩士論文=Thesis and Dissertation
Publication year110
Keyword觀音菩薩=Guanyin Bodhisattva; 宗教信仰=religion and belief; 圖像藝術=iconology

Religious art is diverse in both culture and visual art. Upon studying countless research related to religious art, the Bodhisattva Guanyin proved to be most varied in images and forms that transcends the concept of time and space.
The Bodhisattva Guanyin is a respected and worshipped idol for many believers. The images are traditionally displayed in forms of paintings and sculptures. If exhibited in male forms, the images depict solemn facial features similar to that of an Indian emperor; if portrayed in female forms, the images then encompass the benevolent and graceful characteristics of Eastern ladies. The Bodhisattva Guanyin is immensely compassionate and merciful in spirit, and the teachings of “transcending oneself is the transcendence of other sentient beings” take roots in the hearts of many.
Through artistic creations of the Bodhisattva images, the lenient, compassionate, and benevolent images of the Bodhisattva are demonstrated to the world. They reflect the spiritual pursuit of people in different eras, conveying how people find comfort within their spirits and souls. They echo the emotions of the masses within the society, and are closely related to our daily lives, as a part of culture and religion. These images not only elevate one spiritually, but also enrich cultural significance.
Buddhist art is a conveyance of observations, creations, and internalization of one’s spiritual integrity. Therefore, artists forge visions through imagination, creating moving spiritual emotions of humans. By simply observing the silent creations, one may be drawn to their noble beauties, and in turn achieve transcendence within the soul.
This dissertation explores the transformations of Guanyin images and the connotations within. From the Kaya (the Buddha body) to the thirty-two Nirmanakaya (physical manifestations of the Buddha), hundreds and thousands of images convey cultural meaning and the aesthetics of life, as a learning opportunity and elevation for the spirit of life.
Table of contents摘要 I
圖 次 V
第一章 緒 論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究方法 1
第三節 研究主題與範圍 1
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 顯教方面的觀音造像 9
第二節 密教方面的觀音造像 19
第三節 顯密結合的觀音造像 31
第三章 歷代觀音造像特徵 36
第一節 魏晉南北朝觀音造像 36
第二節 隋至盛唐觀音造像 41
第三節 中晚唐觀音造像 44
第四節 兩宋時期觀音造像 47
第五節 元明清觀音造像 50
第四章 觀世音菩薩的三十三像與其他形象及眷屬 53
第一節 觀世音菩薩的三十三像與其相關典故 53
第二節 觀世音菩薩的其他形象 70
第三節 觀世音菩薩的眷屬 73
第五章 結 論 76
參考文獻 77
附錄一:有關觀音菩薩的漢譯經典 83
圖 次
圖 1明觀音菩薩與善財童子和龍女像 18
圖2 聖觀音 20
圖3 唐泥壓十一面觀世音菩薩像 23
圖4 清中期千眼千手觀音菩薩像 25
圖5 馬頭觀音雙身展左立像 29
圖6 明晚期十二臂准提觀音菩薩像 31
圖7 元四臂觀音 33
圖8 明水月觀音菩薩像 35
圖9 北魏觀音菩薩立像 37
圖10 東魏曲陽修德寺趙宗貴造菩薩像 38
圖11 北齊觀世音菩薩像 39
圖12 北周觀音菩薩立像 40
圖13 隋末唐初觀音菩薩立像 41
圖14 隋至初唐觀音菩薩立像 42
圖15 盛唐觀音菩薩立像 43
圖16 中唐觀音菩薩立像 44
圖17 唐末五代十一面觀音菩薩像 45
圖18 宋觀音大士軸 46
圖19 宋觀音菩薩半跏像 47
圖20 遼觀音菩薩像 48
圖21 金代觀世音菩薩頭像 49
圖22元觀音菩薩像 50
圖23 明觀音菩薩像 51
圖24 清末民初觀音立像 52
圖25 周本金繪楊枝觀音圖軸 54
圖26 明騎龍觀音菩薩像 55
圖27清持經觀音菩薩像 56
圖28 明自在觀音菩薩像 57
圖29 明仇氏杜陵內史白衣大士像軸 58
圖30 宋魚籃觀音軸 60
圖31 明騎吼觀音菩薩像 64
圖32 清持蓮觀音菩薩像 68
圖33 明灑水觀音菩薩像 69
Created date2022.10.14
Modified date2023.01.18

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