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東晉居士郗超「奉法要」疏解=An Explanatory Note on Chih Chao's "Feng Fa Yao (Rules for Observing the Dharma)"
Author 紀志昌 (著)=Chi, Chih-chang (au.)
Source 漢學研究集刊=Han Hsueh Yen Chiu Chi K'An
Pages21 - 62
Publisher Url
Location雲林縣, 臺灣 [Yunlin hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword郗超=Chih Chao; 東晉=Eastern Jin; 奉法要=Feng fa yao Rules for Observing the Dharma; 居士=lay Buddhist; 佛學概論=essentials of Buddhism

The Buddhism belief and theory interpretation of Chih Chao has always been one special and important part in spiritual history of Six Dynasties. Since Chih Chao was a Buddhist who lived a spiritual and religious life at home, he participated in numerous Buddhism activities and also left many writings of studying Buddhism. ”Feng fa yao (Rules for Observing the Dharma)” became the only work that contemporary Buddhism celebrity and people who study religion at home respect and worship.
”Feng-Fa-Yao” is ”essentials of Buddhism” that Chih Chao wrote for the Buddhists who follow the percepts of Buddhism, and included a summary by Chih Chao concerning his perspectives of numerous Buddhism theories in that era. It also was his Buddhism belief concept and a reflection of theory interpretation. The entire writings to discuss the main ideas follow the context of ”abstain” to ”calmness”; ”calmness” to ”wisdom”. From superficial concept to difficult theory, it states the ways to observe Buddhism. By interpreting constructs of ”living a religious life and causal relationship” and ”behaviors and deserved fate”, it presents daily rules of a famous person, interprets principles of karma and deserved fate, discusses the study of Buddhism for a spiritual wisdom, shows the belief of ”living a spiritual life in a material world” for celebrities in that era. It also reveals criticism of thoughts and custom in that era, which deeply contains a fair viewpoint beyond the mainstream celebrities. As to the confirmation of ”emptiness” to accomplish Buddhism, it is obviously inspired by Buddhism wisdom of Bo-re from outside branch of Buddhist monk.
Table of contents摘要 21
Abstract 23
壹、郗超的佛教因緣 25
一、家庭門第方面 25
二、名士與高僧活動方面 27
貳、〈奉法要〉疏解 31
一、基本戒行與報應因果 32
(一)遊「檢於外」至「防於內」:修習初階 33
(二)五戒十善的報應 36
二、報應與輪迴的構成 37
(一)五陰、五蓋、六情 37
(二)報應與解脫的關鍵:「心」 40
(三)論受報主體 42
三、由「戒」資「定」:治心之要 44
(一)反向之觀想:不淨觀 44
(二)忍辱、以善報過 45
(三)慈、悲、喜、護:四等心 46
(四)固心、去妄心 47
(五)奉道之存心:求己 48
(六)達觀、等心 49
(七)息念、止慮、無懼 50
(八)心悟無常、離苦 51
四、由「定」生「慧」:從「有心」到「無心」 53
(一)「六度」 54
(二)由般若智獲解脫 54
(三)證空 56
參、結論 59
ISSN18194427 (P)
Created date2022.10.28
Modified date2022.10.28

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