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國姓井母題分析-以豐田村國姓井為例=Analysis of the Motives of Guoxing Wells: A Case Study of the Guoxing Well of Fengtian Village
Author 楊玉君 (著)=Yang, Yu-jun (au.)
Source 臺灣文學研究學報=Journal of Taiwan Literary Studies
Pages147 - 175
Publisher Url
Location臺南, 臺灣 [Tainan, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword鄭成功=Cheng Chengkong; 劍=sword; 井=well; 瘟疫=epidemic; 傳說=legend; 有機結構=organic structure

The story type that contains the plot of stabbing a sword to draw water has its most famous example in the Guoxing Well in Dajia, Taiwan. Sword well is not an exclusive story of Dajia, the same type of stories can be found many places in China. However, the sword well stories in Taiwan have a special affinity with the legends of Cheng Chengkong (Lord Guoxing). Whether in Dajia or in the Fengtian village in Dapi, Yunlin, the legends of Guoxing well share very similar motif structure. In this article, I shall propose the idea of ”organic structure of motives” that all motives of the Guoxing Well legends belong to one organic structure and each motif relates to the rest of the same structure in one way or another. All motives under the same organic structure could absorb or develop into another legend given their internal relations.The important motives of the Guoxing Well stories are sword, well/ spring, and epidemic. Its plot basically consists of the following parts: a general whose troops were in desperate need of drinking water, he stabbed his sword into earth and drew spring water that later became a well, the well water then was considered to have healing power. I shall analyze the three motives in depth and include in the discussion the relating issues of military officers and the connection between snake/ dragon and epidemic. Through textual analysis, I shall trace the original nature of the motives and construct the composite organic structure of the three motives in folklore and folk literature. Finally, I shall use a much later, contemporary legend and compare it with the Qing gazetteer records to verify the validity of the organic structure.
Table of contents摘要 147
Abstract 148
一、豐田村成功廟暨國姓井簡史 150
二、國姓井母題分析 155
(一)劍 156
(二)井 161
三、國姓井周邊母題分析 164
(一)瘟疫與龍/蛇 165
(二)觀音淨瓶 167
四、母題發展的可能途徑 169
五、結語 172
參考資料 173
ISSN18172946 (P)
Created date2022.12.01
Modified date2022.12.01

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