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曹洞宗と臨済宗の五観偈の相違を考える=Differences between the Sōtō and the Rinzai Sects in Regard to the Gokan no ge
Author 舘隆志 (著)=Tachi, Ryushi (au.)
Source 印度學佛教學研究 =Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies=Indogaku Bukkyōgaku Kenkyū
Volumev.70 n.2 (總號=n.156)
Pages651 - 656
Publisher Url
Location東京, 日本 [Tokyo, Japan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword道元; 無著道忠; 五観偈; 清規
AbstractThis study is about the differences between the Sōtō sect’s gokan no ge 五観偈 and that of the Rinzai, with considerations based on their historical transitions and how they were inherited down to the present day. The gokan no ge are the five verses recited before the meals in Zen institutions. The present study focuses on the third of the five in order to look at the differences in interpretation of the Sōtō and Rinzai sects. I focus on the basic version of the Chinese Nanshan 南山 Vinaya master 律宗 Daoxuan’s 道宣 gokan no ge. I clarify that the present day Sōtō understanding corresponds to that of Daoxuan, while the Rinzai does not.

Next I have examine two works composed by medieval Rinzai monks, the Chokushu hyakujō shingi Untō-shō 勅修百丈清規雲桃抄 and the Nichiyō shingi Shōun-shō 日用清規笑雲抄, both of which convey an understanding in line with the Sōtō interpretation. The present day Rinzai sect’s interpretation first appeared in the Shoekō shingishiki 諸回向清規式, published in the early Edo period, and this was accepted by the sect thereafter. However, Muchaku Dōchū 無著道忠 of the Myōshin-ji mentioned in his Shosōrin ryakushingi 小叢林略清規 interpretations quite similar to those of the present day Sōtō. Moreover, from the situations of Edo period Sōtō, both the interpretations of Dōgen and the Nichiyō shingi Shōun-shō seem to have become mixed, with no definite interpretations for the Third Passage. At least by the end of the Edo period, there was no definitive or sectarian interpretation of this text. It was only during the Meiji period that the different sectarian interpretations came to be accepted by the Sōtō and the Rinzai, and their respective different interpretations were developed gradually.
Table of contentsはじめに 651
曹洞宗.臨済宗における五観偈の原文の相違 651
五観偈の第三偈の読み方 653
五観偈の第三偈の読み方の変遷 653
おわりに 655
ISSN00194344 (P); 18840051 (E)
Created date2023.01.06
Modified date2023.01.06

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