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莫高窟第454窟營建年代與窟主申論=A Study on the Construction Date and Donors of Mogao Cave 454
Author 陳菊霞 (著)=Chen, Ju-xia (au.) ; 王平先 (著)=Wang, Ping-xian (au.)
Source 敦煌研究=Dunhuang Research
Volumen.1 (總號=n.191)
Date2022
Pages80 - 86
Publisher敦煌研究編輯部
Publisher Url http://www.dha.ac.cn/
Location蘭州, 中國 [Lanzhou, China]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note陳菊霞:上海大學文學院
王平先:敦煌研究院編輯部
Keyword莫高窟第454窟=Mogao cave 454; 曹元深=Cao Yuanshen; 窟主=cave donor
Abstract關于莫高窟第454窟的營建年代和始建窟主,學界歷經多年熱議,仍難達成一致看法。總體來看,先后有曹延恭夫婦功德窟、曹元深功德窟和曹元德功德窟之說,近些年來,似又回歸曹延恭夫婦功德窟之說。文章通過討論莫高窟第454窟主室南壁東起前三身供養人的排序關系,以及甬道的重層供養人現象等,認為霍熙亮和馬德兩位先生主張的第454窟為曹元深功德窟的看法更接近實情,即第454窟是節度使曹元深于940—942年間始建,時隔30余年,其子節度使曹延恭與夫人慕容氏又重修此窟。

Despite ongoing academic discussion reaching back for years, no consensus has ever been reached about the construction date and the first donor of Mogao cave 454. Several views have been put forth respectively claiming that the cave was
first constructed by Cao Yangong and his wife, by Cao Yuanshen, or by Cao Yuande; in recent years, the first of these views has
become prominent. By discussing the order of the first three donor figures starting from the east on the south wall, and the two
layers of donor figures painted on the side walls of the corridor in the cave, this paper reassesses the view proposed by professors
Huo Xilang and Ma De that cave 454 was first constructed by Cao Yuanshen and concludes with them that this history is likely
closest to the truth. Cave 454 was first constructed by Cao Yuanshen between 940-942 CE and renovated thirty years later by Cao
Yuanshen’s son Cao Yangong, governor of Guazhou, and his wife Lady Murong.
Table of contents一學術史回顧
1. 主張曹延恭功德窟
2. 主張曹元深功德窟
3. 主張曹元德功德窟
4. 回歸曹延恭功德窟的觀點
二莫高窟第454窟的供養人與題名
三關于供養人畫像排序之質疑
四曹元深始建莫高窟第454窟
五曹延恭重修莫高窟第454窟
六結語
ISSN10004106 (P)
DOI10.13584/j.cnki.issn1000-4106.2022.01.007
Hits39
Created date2023.03.20
Modified date2023.03.20



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