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倫理視域下的王陽明禪學批判研究=A critical Study of Wang Yangming’s Zen In the Perspective of Ethics
Author 丁建華 (著)=Ding, Jian-hua (au.)
Source 五臺山研究=Mt Wutai Researches
Volumen.2 (總號=n.151)
Date2022
Pages9 - 13
Publisher五臺山硏究會
Location山西, 中國 [Shanxi, China]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:浙江工商大學東方語言與哲學學院
Keyword王陽明; 批禪; 倫理維度
Abstract王陽明雖常為人稱“出入佛老”,但他是自覺地站在儒學角度上批判禪宗。王陽明對禪宗的批判,主要是立足于倫理維度,他認為,禪宗執著空寂,拋棄人倫,不分善惡,不顧家國天下,陷于自私自利的一己私求,雖也明心,但禪宗所明之心因缺乏經世致用而并非是真正的“心”。王陽明這一批禪的倫理維度,與佛教內部對禪宗的批判維度基本保持一致。以慈愍慧日與宗喀巴為例,慧日與宗喀巴對禪宗的批判是圍繞佛教最核心的倫理概念“業”展開的,因禪宗執空而使得以“業”Karma為基礎的善惡果報不能安立,客觀上消解了善、惡,進而否定了作為超越因果的佛教思想與實踐本身。通過對比佛教內部的批判與王陽明對禪宗的批判可以發現,他們基本采用的倫理維度是一致的,就是對于世間善惡的破壞,而王陽明批禪倫理維度的意趣是指向儒學思想目標的,即通過破斥禪學之“偏”來顯儒學之“全”。
Table of contents一、王陽明批禪之倫理維度 9
二、與佛教各宗批禪倫理維度之比較 10
三、王陽明批禪倫理維度之意趣 12
ISSN10006176 (P)
Hits95
Created date2023.03.20
Modified date2023.03.20



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