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『大日経』における大乗の概念=On the Concept of Mahāyāna in the Mahāvairocanābhisaṃbodhi-tantra
Author 山本匠一郎 (著)
Source 智山学報=Journal of Chizan Studies=智山學報
Pages0141 - 0160
Publisher Url
Location東京, 日本 [Tokyo, Japan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword『大日経』; 『大日経広釈』; 大乗; 三乗; Buddhaguhya
Abstract Much of esoteric Buddhist scripture positions itself as Mahāyāna. The word tantra, which generally refers to esoteric Buddhist scripture, has the sense of “connection” (Skt. Prabandha). Esoteric Buddhist scriptures are systematically arranged both as a whole and individually. The verbal concept of tantra includes later expressions that lead to classification of Buddhist Tantras.

 The Mahāvairocanābhisaṃbodhi-tantra also positions itself as Mahāyāna. The Buddhaguhya’s Commentary on the Vairocanābhisaṃbodhi-tantra posits two divisions of bodhisattvas in Mahāyāna, namely those principally concerned with the practice of perfection (pāramitā) and those principally concerned with mantra practice. The method of Mahāyāna’s mantra practice (mahāyānaṃ mantracaryānayaṃ) is positioned as the supreme teaching (yānavaraṃ). The three ascetic discourses of Srāvakas, pratyekabuddhas, and Mahāyāna are distributed according to the level of realization of emptiness. Compared to the elaborate catechisms of Japan’s Shingon school of esoteric Buddhism, Buddhaguhya suggested extremely simple definitions. The ultimate goal of Mahāyāna’s mantra practice is an emphasis on the dharma body, which is also the ultimate goal and ideological characteristic of esoteric Buddhism. The concept of the dharma body is also defined as the realization of the emptiness or unreality of all things (sarvadharma-śūnyatā). The Vairocanābhisaṃbodhi-tantra consistently advocates the philosophy of emptiness that is at the root of Mahāyāna Buddhism.
Table of contentsはじめに ――従来の研究史―― 141
タントラとスートラという語について 142
経題に見るタントラとスートラの用例 144
『大日経』の経題 145
『大日経』・『大日経広釈』における大乗の概念 145
最勝乗としての真言行道 147
『大日経広釈』における三乗説と空性の段階説 ――秘密曼荼羅品―― 149
『大日経広釈』における三乗説と空性の段階説 ――三三昧耶品―― 150
まとめ 151
文献 151
参考資料 152
注 152
ISSN02865661 (P)
Created date2023.05.17
Modified date2023.05.17

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