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Central Tibetan Famines 1280–1400: When Premodern Climate Change and Bad Governance Starved Tibet
Author Gamble, Ruth (著) ; Powers, John (著) ; Hackett, Paul (著)
Source Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies=倫敦大學亞非研究學報
Volumev.85 n.2
Date2022.06
Pages215 - 233
PublisherCambridge University Press
Publisher Url https://www.cambridge.org/
LocationNew York, NY, US [紐約, 紐約州, 美國]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language英文=English
KeywordClimate history; Environmental history; Famine; Tibetan Plateau; Governance
AbstractFrom the late-1200s to the mid-1400s, the river valleys of Central Tibet experienced both droughts and political upheavals. This combination of inclement weather and administrative dysfunction led to a series of famines. Although the famines were noted at the time, they were later forgotten in Tibetan narratives, and this is the first time that they are the subject of historical study. In this article we analyse the historical narratives of famine – found in biographies, histories and poems – and compare them with the region's paleoclimatic records, focusing particularly on changes in temperature and precipitation. We begin by discussing the famines’ climatic and political causes and their relationship to broader South and East Asian climatic- and famine-related events. We then outline the Tibetan religious, societal and government responses to these events. These responses include the community's initial reactions, and the multiple magical and managerial strategies they eventually developed to stave off famines.
Table of contentsAbstract 215
Central Tibetan food landscapes 220
A change in the weather 224
Tibet's much-more-than-human world 225
Weather makers as climate change witnesses 228
Reformation and forgetting 231
Conclusion 233
ISSN0041977X (P); 14740699 (E)
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1017/S0041977X22000556
Hits73
Created date2023.06.14
Modified date2023.06.14



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