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The Buddhist Indus Script and Scriptures: On the So-called Bhaikṣukī or Saindhavī Script of the Sāṃmitīyas and Their Canon
Author Dimitrov, Dragomir (著)
PublisherHarrassowitz Verlag
Publisher Url
LocationWiesbaden, Germany [威斯巴登, 德國]
SeriesVeröffentlichungen der Indologischen Kommission der Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Mainz
Series No.7
Content type書籍=Book
AbstractThe Buddhist Indus script (Sindhulipi or Saindhavī) refers to an Indian script with “arrow-headed” characters which the British Indologist Cecil Bendall (1856–1906) noticed for the first time in a twelfth-century manuscript, and which later scholars tentatively called “Bhaikṣukī”. With the help of some Tibetan sources it is actually possible not only to establish its original name, i.e. “Saindhavī”, but also to prove a direct connection between this script and the Saindhava monks or the Sāṃmitīyas. Despite the importance of this Buddhist school, until recently its original canonical literature was considered to have been lost. Dragomir Dimitrov presents now information about the unexpected discovery of several Indian manuscripts written in Saindhavī script and offers a new analysis of the Old Bengali codex unicus of the so-called Patna Dharmapada, which should rather be known now as the Saindhavī Dharmapada. This study proves that in fact a number of original canonical texts of the Sāṃmitīyas and some of their post-canonical works have survived. The texts are written in a Middle Indian language which it is suggested here to call “Saindhavī”. The better understanding of the close link between the Sāṃmitīyas/Saindhavas, the Saindhavī language, and the Saindhavī script permits to fill some glaring gaps in Buddhist studies and Indian linguistics.
Table of contentsPreface vii
Acknowledgements ix
List of Figures & Plates xiii
Abbreviations & Symbols XV
Prologue 3
The Buddhist Indus Script 9
1.1 The Epigraphic Evidence 9
1.2 The Bhaiksuki Hypothesis 19
1.3 Yi ge sna tshogs kyi phyi mo 24
1.4 Rgya dkar... gyi yi ge dan dpe ris rnam grans man ba 31
1.5 Cha tshad kyi dpe ris Dpyod Idan yid gsos 35
1.6 The Saindhavi Script 39
1.7 Some Manuscripts in Saindhavi Script 43
1.8 On the Origin of the Saindhavi Script 51
The Sacred Scriptures of the Sammitiyas 65
2.1 The Literature of the Sammitiyas 66
2.2 The Dharmapada of the Sammitiyas 71
2.2.1 The Discovery of the «Patna Dharmapada» 71
2.2.2 The Editions of the «Patna Dharmapada»75
2.2.3 The School-Affiliation of the «Patna Dharmapada» 79
2.3 The Saindhavi Dharmapada and Its codex unicus 86
2.3.1 A Quotation from the Saindhavi Dharmapada 87
2.3.2 The Colophon of the codex unicus 89
2.3.3 The Date and Script of the codex unicus 92
2.3.4 Some Palaeographic Features 94
2.3.5 Some Peculiar Scribal Errors 103
2.3.6 Some Text-Critical Considerations 117
2.4 The Saindhavi of the Saindhavas 146
2.5 The Saindhavi Language and Its Name 155
2.6 Further Traces of the Sammitiya Canon 161
2.6.1 The Saindhavi Kevattasūtra 168
2.6.2 Other Saindhavi sutras 185
2.7 Some Later Saindhavi Texts 199
Epilogue 211
Bibliography 221
Indices 245
Colophon 255
ISBN9783447113854 (hc)
Related reviews
  1. Book Review: The Buddhist Indus Script and Scriptures: On the So-called Bhaikṣukī or Saindhavī Script of the Sāṃmitīyas and their Canon by Dragomir Dimitrov / Salomon, Richard (評論)
Created date2023.07.11
Modified date2023.07.11

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