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Disputed Emptiness: Vimalamitra’s Mādhyamika Interpretation of the Heart Sutra in the Light of His Criticism on Other Schools
Author Horiuchi, Toshio (著)
Source Religions
Volumev.13 n.11
Date2022.11
Pages22
PublisherMDIP
Publisher Url https://www.mdpi.com/
LocationBasel, Switzerland [巴塞爾, 瑞士]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language英文=English
Note1. Author Affiliation: Zhejiang University, China.

2. Religions 2022, 13(11), 1067.
KeywordHeart Sutra; emptiness; dependent origination; Madhyamaka; Yogācāra
AbstractThe *Āryaprajñāpāramitāhṛdayaṭīkā (hereafter PHT), Vimalamitra’s (ca. the 8th- to 9th cent.) commentary on the long Heart Sutra (hereafter HS), is not merely a commentary on words and phrases of the HS, but it also refers to and criticizes non-Buddhist schools and other schools within Buddhism. However, due to its textual situation, namely, the original Sanskrit being lost and it remains only as the Tibetan translation, the discussion there has not always been well understood. In particular, it has been suggested in recent years that Vimalamitra endorsed the Yogācāra perspective in the PHT. In this paper, I will primarily examine Vimalamitra’s interpretation of the famous four sets of phrases, such as “rūpa (form) is emptiness/empty” in the PHT, and clarify Vimalamitra’s understanding of key Buddhist concepts such as “emptiness” or “dependent origination”. In doing so, I argue that the PHT is written sorely from the Madhyamaka perspective, and Vimalamitra criticizes other schools, including the Yogācāra. Furthermore, by comparison with the writings of Kamalaśīla, an older contemporary of Vimalamitra, I further clarify his position as a Mādhyamika adherent. Finally, I will discuss the significance of those philosophical arguments in the PHT to the modern readers of the HS.
Table of contentsAbstract 1
Keywords 1
1. Introduction: The HS and Vimalamitra’s Commentary 1
1.1. “Commentaries on the Long HS Preserved in the Tibetan Canon” 1
1.2. Vimalamitra’s Commentary 2
1.3. The Scope of This Article 3
2. The PHT’s Understanding of the HS: In Controversy with Other Schools 3
2.1. Works Cited in the PHT 3
2.2. Basic Tenet of the PHT 3
2.3. “Four Formulas of Emptiness” and Critique of Other Schools 4
2.4. Vimalamitra as a Mādhyamika: A Critique on the Yogācāra 9
3. Vimalamitra’s Madhyamaka Position and the Importance of the PHT to Understand the HS 10
3.1. Vimalamitra’s Madhyamaka Position 11
3.2. Meditative Context of the Emptiness 13
3.3. Nonseeing 16
4. Conclusions 17
Abbreviations 18
Notes 18
References 21
ISSN20771444 (E)
DOI10.3390/rel13111067
Hits71
Created date2023.10.03
Modified date2023.10.03



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