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平安時代天台宗的政治性格及歷史發展:與攝關政治交涉為中心的考察=The Political Nature and Historical Development of Tendai School in Heian Japan:An Investigation Focusing on the Engagement with Sekkan Regency
Author 郭珮君 (著)=Kuo, Pei-chun (au.)
Source 撞倒須彌:漢傳佛教青年學者論壇論文集
Date2020.10
Pages145 - 203
Publisher法鼓文化
Publisher Url https://www.ddc.com.tw/
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Series佛學會議論文彙編
Series No.9
Content type專題研究論文=Research Paper
Language中文=Chinese
Keyword天台宗=Tendai School; 平安佛教=Heian Buddhism; 天台座主=Tendai zasu; 攝關政治=Sekkan Regency; 《天台座主記》=Tendai Zasuki
Abstract自從九世紀初期入唐僧最澄返回日本,天台佛教開始被系統性地引進日本,逐漸在既有的奈良佛教傳統中建立起新勢力。在日本平安時代,僧侶與政治勢力的交涉相當密切,以攝政、關白為首的朝廷,和天皇一同作為國家政治結構的頂點。與強調自身護國性格的天台宗始終維持著密切聯繫。甚至,許多僧侶出身於政治勢力強大的家門,並在天台宗宗門內取得優勢地位。本文將考察日本天台宗成立過程中,天台僧侶與政治勢力的互動,希望提供另一項思考日本天台佛教的角度。也就是,佛教教團面臨政治環境的劇烈變動,可能選擇如何回應,又可能採取什麼樣的行動維護教團的發展。平安時代後期不但是武士崛起的時代,更是日本的政治勢力由中央轉向地方的重要轉換期,在這樣的變化期中,考察以比叡山為中心的天台宗僧侶行動,應有助於進一步理解日本政教關係的變化與特質。本文將透過僧傳等佛教資料,配合平安時代的貴族日記等史料,希望以教團與攝關政治的交涉作為切入點,從政教關係的角度理解平安時代後期天台宗佛教呈現的特色。

Tendai Buddhism has been systematically introduced to Japan ever since Saicho, who travelled to Tang China, came back to Japan in the beginning of the ninth century. It gradually built up a growing power under the tradition of Nara Buddhism. In Heian period, monks usually engaged closely with political powers. The court that led by Sessho and Kanpaku, along with Emperor, were regarded as the top of national political structures, and they maintained strong interaction with Tendai school, which claimed to be state- protected. Furthermore, many monks with political backgrounds devoted to Tendai school, and carned a high class in the school. This article will focus on the interaction between Tendai monks and political powers during the establishment of Tendai school, trying to offer an alternative perspective to Tendai Buddhism. That is, when a Buddhist group faces a intensely changing political environment, how they would respond or what kind of action they would take to maintain the development of the group. The late Heian period was an important turning point for Japanese political powers. Investigating the actions of Tendai monks, who were based in Mount Hiei, should help to understand more about the features and changes of the relations between politics and religion in Heian Japan. Buddhist biographies and journals of aristocrats will take us from the perspective of the engagement of the monastics and Sekkan Regency to realize the characteristics of Tendai Buddhism in late Heian Japan.
Table of contents摘要 146
一、前言 147
二、平安時代比叡山延曆寺的寺院管理體制 150
(一)比叡山延曆寺天台座主 151
(二)延曆寺俗別當 159
三、天台座主補任與平安時代的政治勢力 161
(一)平安時代天台座主補任情況 162
(二)天台座主軒命爭議 169
1. 永祚元年(989)第二十代餘慶(919-991) 169
2. 永承二年(1048)第二十九代明尊(971-1063) 172
3. 承保四年(1077)第三十四代覺圓(1031-1098) 177
4. 應保二年(1162)第五十代覺忠(1118-1177) 178
四、教團與攝關政治交涉 181
五、結論 196
徵引書目 199
ISBN9789575988630 (平裝)
Hits37
Created date2023.10.24
Modified date2023.10.24



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