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《金光明經》的護國思想與古代日本的國家:以天武朝為中心(673-686)=The Idea of State Protection in Sutra of Golden Light And The State in Ancient Japan: Focusing on Emperor Tenmu’s Reign (673-686)
Author 郭珮君 (著)=Kuo, Pei-chun (au.)
Date2012.06
Pages116
Publisher國立臺灣大學
Publisher Url https://www.ntu.edu.tw/
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type博碩士論文=Thesis and Dissertation
Language中文=Chinese
Degreemaster
Institution國立臺灣大學
Advisor周伯戡
Publication year101
Keyword古代日本=Ancient Japan; 護國佛教=Sutra of Golden Light; 《金光明經》=State-protection Buddhism; 天武天皇=Emperor Tenmu; 地震=Earthquake
Abstract七世紀末期是古代日本國家成立的時期,此一時期的日本在政治上面臨許多改變,同時,以護國經典為主的佛教經典開始受到重視,其中最主要的經典之一就是曇無讖所翻譯的《金光明經》。本論文以《金光明經》在天武天皇時期的流傳為線索,首先將透過對文獻的分析,藉由對經典版本及注疏內容的考察,試圖釐清古代日本社會透過《金光明經》的流布,所能接觸到的思想內涵以及可能產生的文化效應。同時,天武天皇在宗教上的創新使得七世紀末期日本的宗教世界展開了新的面貌,佛教如何與日本的既有信仰互動?《金光明經》在其中又扮演著什麼樣的角色?此外,天武天皇在政治上的創舉更是引人注目,天皇制度的成立以及律令制度的導入都是大幅改變古代日本的政策,《金光明經》的護國思想在一個建立中的國家將會被如何詮釋?最後,天武天皇時期是一個地震頻仍的時期,作為護國經典的《金光明經》如何詮釋地震的發生?這樣的詮釋會得到什麼樣的回應?筆者將透過以上角度考察《金光明經》的思想內涵對於天武天皇時期的日本在宗教上以及政治上的影響。

Sutra of Golden Light, one of the most important state-protecion canons in Central Asia and East Asia, is also a demanding sutra in ancient Japan. The sutra emerged in Japanese history during Emperor Tenmu’s reign, while it should have been introduced to Japan a century earlier. Through the historical records, the cult of Sutra of Golden Light in ancient Japan can be indicated. Simultaneously, in the later half of the seventh century, Japan was being structured. That is to say, the ruler emphasized Sutra of Golden Light when the state of Japan was being bulit. To investigate the connection between Sutra of Golden Light and the building of Japan as a state, the follwing thesis will be divided into three parts: initially, through analysing different versions of Sutra of Golden Light and various commentaries, the first part will suggest the possible idea related to the sutra that were likely to be spread in ancient Japan. Then, by exammining the historical materials, the second part will illustrate the religious and political environment during Emperor Tenmu’s reign, and discuss how Sutra of Golden Light being interpreted under the circumstances. Finally, the last part will focus on the disaters in ancient Japan. Since earthquake is the most significant disater in Japan, and there were many earthquakes during the time according to the historical accounts, inspecting the relations between the sutra and earthquakes can reveal how people perceive the sutra as state protection during and after the disater. In summary, the thesis will focus on the interpretation of Sutra of Golden Light and the construction of the state of ancient Japan.
Table of contents中文摘要 ⅲ
英文摘要(Abstract) ⅳ
第一章、緒論 1
第一節、研究動機 1
第二節、研究回顧 5
第二章、《金光明經》傳達的護國思想 15
第一節、《金光明經》的版本與注疏 15
第二節、《金光明經》的內容 20
第三節、《金光明經》的的護國思想及其效益 26
第四節、護國思想的實際應用 32
第三章、古代日本國家與《金光明經》36
第一節、古代日本的《金光明經》36
第二節、天武朝的宗教世界 48
第三節、天武朝的政治環境 63
第四節、小結 74
第四章、護國思想與災異的發生 76
第一節、護國經典中的災異觀 76
第二節、天武朝發生的災異 83
第三節、護國思想對於災異的回應 87
第五章、結論 102
參考暨引用書目 109
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Created date2023.10.24
Modified date2023.10.24



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