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認定危機與自我呈現:聖嚴法師魅力型領導的心理傳記學探究=Identity Crisis and Self-Presentation: A Study of the Charismatic Leadership of Master Sheng-yen from the Perspective of Psychobiography
Author 黃奕偉 (著)=Huang, I-wei (au.)
Source 華人宗教研究 =Studies in Chinese Religions
Pages147 - 180
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword認定危機=identity crisis; 魅力型領導=charismatic leader; 聖嚴法師=Master Sheng-Yen; 心理傳記學=psychobiography; 自我呈現=self-presentation

Mountain, is a representative figure of Taiwanese Buddhism. By employing research methods of psychobiography, this article examines Master Sheng-Yen’s selfpresentations from the perspective of the psychosocial developmental process and connects these varying self-images and social roles to the charismatic representation he projects. From a child in a poor family to a wandering monk in the snow, Master Sheng-Yen presents himself in a way that reflects the characteristics of his psychosocial development: remaining diligent in his studies, overcoming an identity crisis through religious experience, and establishing his own position in interpersonal relationships through an independent mode of legitimacy. Psychobiography’s emphasis on history and context also allows us to link together the study of charismatic leadership with personality traits, social context, and sectarian traditions. Master Sheng-Yen’s charismatic leadership combines divergent images of monkhood: the scholar monk, constituted by the main axis of his life experiences; the miraculous monk, corresponding to his Chan identity; and the ascetic monk, serving as the leader of the Dharma Drum community who must traverse hardships. Because these diverse self-representations correspond to specific social contexts and also present a sufficiently unified core self that can respond to the development needs of a whole person, they have thus become a unique source of Master Sheng-Yen’s charisma.
ISSN23078456 (P)
Created date2024.02.23
Modified date2024.02.23

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