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Local Society and the Temple-Parishioner Relationship within the Bakufu's Governance Structure.
著者 Tamamuro, Fumio (著)=圭室文雄 (au.)
掲載誌 Japanese Journal of Religious Studies
巻号v.28 n.3-4
出版年月日2001
ページ261 - 292
出版者Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture=南山宗教文化研究所
出版サイト http://nirc.nanzan-u.ac.jp/en/
出版地名古屋, 日本 [Nagoya, Japan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語英文=English
キーワードdanka system; Shðmon ninbetsu aratamechõ; kaimyõ; death registries; ridan
抄録The danka (temple parishioner) system was originally established as a component of the bakufu’s policy of suppressing Christianity, but by 1700 it had become a government-instituted and temple-run system to monitor and control the populace as a whole. Through the issuance of certi3 cates of temple registration, Buddhist temples participated in this system and bene3 ted from having a stable parish membership and 3 nancial base.
Once parishioners had become af3 liated and registered through a particular temple, neither they nor their descendants were able to change sectarian af3 liations, except through marriage. Ideally, for the clergy, this hereditary
temple-parishioner relationship required both ritual and 3 duciary responsibilities on the part of the danka. Danka were obligated to participate in and pay for funeral and memorial rites that became a standardized funerary
ritual system during the Edo period. The danka were also required to 3 nancially contribute to temple fundraising campaigns for new construction
or sectarian anniversaries. This essay examines the process of how the danka system developed within the bakufu’s governance structure, the role of the Buddhist temples and priests in maintaining this structure, and how the danka system actually took form in local society. Using newly discovered local temple documents, this essay will also deal with cases in which parishioners tried to break their customary ties to their family temple.
ISSN03041042 (P)
ヒット数1363
作成日2007.08.15
更新日期2017.08.28



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