サイトマップ本館について諮問委員会お問い合わせ資料提供著作権について当サイトの内容を引用するホームページへ        

書目仏学著者データベース当サイト内
検索システム全文コレクションデジタル仏経言語レッスンリンク
 


加えサービス
書誌管理
書き出し
Gentry Dominance in Chinese Society: Monasteries and Lineages in The Structuring of Local Society, 1500-1700
著者 Brook, Timothy James
出版年月日1984
ページ451
出版者Harvard University
出版サイト http://www.harvard.edu/
出版地Cambridge, MA, US [劍橋, 麻薩諸塞州, 美國]
資料の種類博碩士論文=Thesis and Dissertation
言語英文=English
学位博士
学校Harvard University
卒業年1984
抄録The gentry's nationwide patronage of Buddhist monasteries in China in the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries (the late Ming and early Qing), a hitherto unrecognized phenomenon, helped the local gentry to establish dominance in local society. In the late Ming, many gentrymen became increasingly sympathetic to Buddhism, and this made the monastery available to them as an object of patronage; yet specifically religious commitments played a relatively minor role in motivating patronage. Rather than intellectual orientation or subjective perception, the issue behind the extension of gentry patronage over space and time is how an elite establishes its dominance during a period of social change. In supporting Buddhist monasteries, the gentry identified themselves as the dominant group in local society. Patronage showed who could participate in the activities of the gentry and who could not. At the same time, patronage reinforced existing ties among the more powerful patrons, which meant that patronage could also identify the elite within the gentry.The gentry gradually withdrew their support of monasteries toward the end of the seventeenth century, at the same time that some were mobilizing their lineages as corporate groups to assert local dominance. The actual dating of these trends varied, as shown in the three case studies of Zhucheng county (Shandong), Dangyang county (Hubei), and Yin county (Ningbo, Zhejiang). Lineage mobilization occurred independently of the decline in monastic patronage but gradually came to be seen as preferable to it. A visible sign of this preference is funeral practices. Gentry families began taking funerary ritual out of the hands of Buddhist monks and moving it into their lineage shrines. Shifting the ritual centre of gentry society from monasteries to lineage institutions meant a change in the structure of gentry dominance. By turning to their separate lineages, the local elite was moving away from the collegial relationship of patronage to a conflictual one, thereby setting the stage for the eventual breakdown of social order in the nineteenth century.
ヒット数331
作成日2008.07.03
更新日期2020.11.19



Chrome, Firefox, Safari(Mac)での検索をお勧めします。IEではこの検索システムを表示できません。

注意:

この先は にアクセスすることになります。このデータベースが提供する全文が有料の場合は、表示することができませんのでご了承ください。

修正のご指摘

下のフォームで修正していただきます。正しい情報を入れた後、下の送信ボタンを押してください。
(管理人がご意見にすぐ対応させていただきます。)

シリアル番号
161979

検索履歴
フィールドコードに関するご説明
検索条件ブラウズ