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The Ch' an-pure Land Syncretism in China: With Special Reference to Yung-ming Yen-shou (Buddhism)
著者 Shih, Heng-ching
出版年月日1984
ページ404
出版者The University of Wisconsin - Madison
出版サイト http://www.wisc.edu/
出版地Madison, WI, US [麥迪遜, 威斯康辛州, 美國]
資料の種類博碩士論文=Thesis and Dissertation
言語英文=English
学位博士
学校University of Wisconsin - Madison
卒業年1984
キーワード中國佛教=Chinese Buddhism; 佛性=Buddhahood=Buddha-gotra=Buddha Nature=Buddha-dhatu; 修行方法=修行法門=Practice; 淨土=Pure Land
抄録This dissertation is a historical, doctrinal and textual study on the process of Ch'an-Pure Land syncretism in China. The process was rooted in pre-T'ang Buddhism, culminated at the end of T'ang and has remained a predominant feature throughout post-T'ang Buddhism. It produced a unique form in Chinese Buddhism which reflected the Chinese characteristic of harmonization, and represented a Sinicized implementation of Mahayana doctrines and an outcome of some circumstantial historical and social factors. It stood for an egalitarian approach to liberation which especially appealed to the masses. The instrumental figure responsible for Ch'an-Pure Land syncretism is Yung-ming Yen-shou (904-975), a Ch'an patriarch and Pure Land practitioner.Chapter one examines (1) the meaning of religious syncretism, (2) the Chinese characteristics of reconciling and harmonizing, and (3) the syncretic tendency within Buddhism itself. Chapter two contextualizes the Ch'an-Pure Land syncretic thought within the larger framework of Mahayana thought in the light of the Buddha nature (Buddha-gotra) doctrine. It then deals with the interactions between Ch'an and Pure Land Schools in the pre-T'ang period. To both traditions which served as a doctrinal basis and made the syncretism possible in theory and in practice.Chapter three examines the socio-political background of Yung-ming's life, which contributed to his advocacy of an egalitarian approach to human liberation. Chapter four is devoted to Yung-ming's life and religious practices. Chapter five investigates Yung-ming's thought. Chapter six assesses the influence of Ch'an-Pure Land syncretism on Chinese Buddhism. The conclusion is that due to its harmonizing, inclusive, practical and egalitarian nature, Ch'an-Pure Land syncretism contributed to the survival of Chinese Buddhism and in the popularizing of lay Buddhism.A partial translation of Yung-ming's Wan-shan tung-kuei chi is attached as an appendix.
ヒット数592
作成日2008.07.03
更新日期2016.03.14



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