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龍樹の仏陀観 ― 龍樹文献群の著者問題を視野に入れて ―=Nāgārjuna’s Views of Buddha With a view to the Problem of Authorship of “Nāgārjuna Literature”
著者 五島清隆 (著)=Goshima, Kiyotaka (au.)
掲載誌 インド学チベット学研究=Journal of Indian and Tibetan Studies=インドガク チベットガク ケンキュウ
巻号n.12
出版年月日2008
ページ137 - 169
出版者インド哲学研究会
出版サイト http://www.jits-ryukoku.net/
出版地京都, 日本 [Kyoto, Japan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語日文=Japanese
ノート作者單位:佛教大学非常勤講師
キーワード龍樹; 中論頌; 仏陀観; 著者問題; 大乗仏説論; 六十頌如理論; 空七十論; 廻諍論; 宝行王正論
抄録Following my examination of Nāgārjuna’s image of Buddha(s) preaching Dharma in the Mūlamadhayamkakārikā (MMK), several observations may be made. In all occurrences of the words for Buddha, except in the introductory verses, Buddha in the singular form seems to point to Gautama Buddha who preached the traditional doctrines of Buddhism, while Buddha in the plural form refers to those who support Nāgārjuna’s thought (or Buddhas of Mahāyāna). The introductory verses, on the other hand, proclaim that Buddha in the singular form preached the doctrine of Dependent Origination marked by “non-arising and non-ceasing of things, etc.” Throughout the MMK Nāgārjuna tried to prove that Gautama Buddha preached Mahāyāna doctrine of Emptiness. In other words, he asserted that Emptiness is the teaching or words of Buddha (buddhaśāsana, buddhavacana). However, in the Yuktisastikā, which is attributed to Nāgārjuna, Buddha in the singular form preaches Mahāyānistic doctrine of Dependent Origination, while Buddhas in the plural preach the traditional doctrines, which suggests that the author may not be the same one as that of the MMK. I also examined Vigrahavyāvartanī, Sūnyatāsaptati, and Ratnāvalī from the same perspective and came to the conclusion that the authors of these works, though traditionally attributed to Nāgārjuna, might be different from that of the MMK. It is quite important that in the Ratnāvalī, Buddha in the plural form represents the universal and ideal Buddha who preaches both the traditional doctrines and Mahayanistic doctrine of Emptiness, while Buddha in the singular form refers to the historic Gautama Buddha as well as the leader of Mahāyāna movement (in other words, Gautama Buddha preaching Mahāyāna doctrine). The author seems to insist that both the traditional doctrines and the Mahāyānistic doctrine are equally the words of Buddha, which are supported by the universal Buddha in the plural form. He also asserts that Mahāyāna doctrine is superior to traditional doctrines. There passed more than one hundred years between the deaths of Nāgārjuna and Aryadevā (around the middle of the 3rd century), and Buddhapālita’s (c. 370-450) writing of his commentary on the MMK. I would like to imagine that during this period, which may be called ‘the productive period’, some anonymous authors wrote the so-called “Nāgārjuna literature”, freely using the logic of Nāgārjuna. Just as the appearance of the first Mahāyāna sūtra, the Praj˜nāpāramitāsūtra, stimulated other anonymous authors to produce many and various Mahāyāna sūtras by depending on its doctrine of Emptiness and the views of Bodhisattva, the appearance of the MMK, the first work of Mahāyāna-Abhidharma movement, stimulated other anonymous authors to produce various Mahāyāna treatises on the basis of the logic and thought of the MMK, by thinking how Nāgārjuna would treat the problems they were facing. During this period, the early literature of the Yogācāra school appeared and the theories of Mind-Only and Three Natures had started to become known among Buddhist philosophers. It is quite possible that some works ascribed to Nāgārjuna (e.g., Vigrahavyāvartanī or Catuh. stava) have some allusions to the Yogācāra doctrines and that they seem to try to argue against them. Those texts produced during the “productive period” were gradually ascribed to Nāgārjuna, being judged that they concord to the logic and reasoning of Nāgārjuna in the MMK.
目次1. はじめに 137
2.『中論頌』における仏陀観 138
3.『六十頌如理論』における仏陀観 148
4.『空七十論』における仏陀観 151
5.『廻諍論』における仏陀観 154
6.『宝行王正論』における仏陀観 156
7.「仏身説」について 163
8. おわりに 165



ISSN13427377 (P)
ヒット数192
作成日2010.02.08
更新日期2020.08.06



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