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Buddhism and the Rise of the Written Vernacular in East Asia: the Making of National Languages
著者 Mair, Victor H.
掲載誌 The Journal of Asian Studies
巻号v.53 n.3
出版年月日1994.08
ページ707 - 751
出版者Association for Asian Studies
出版サイト https://www.asian-studies.org/
出版地Ann Arbor, MI, US [安娜堡, 密西根州, 美國]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語英文=English
ノート320
キーワードNative language -- China; Buddhism -- Social aspects; China -- Languages; China
抄録The premise of VICTOR H. MAIR's wide-ranging article is that written Chinese emerged not as transcribed speech, but rather as a special, radically shortened cipher with its own grammatical and expressive conventions. He calls this written form Literary Sinitic (LS) and finds the disparity between it and any form of spoken Chinese, which he refers to under the general heading of Vernacular Sinitic (VS), is of a wholly different nature than the contrast between written Latin and any modern written or spoken Romance language. Indeed, he argues, Literary Sinitic remained incapable of serving as a means of recording spoken Chinese or any other language. Thus, for Mair, the question becomes: How did vernacular written forms emerge in a milieu in which Literary Sinitic dominated intellectual life? He finds the earliest instances of written Vernacular Sinitic occur typically in Buddhist texts. He believes the Buddhist emphasis on the principle of teaching through the local dialect (desa-bhasa) was a major impetus for the development of written vernacular, but concludes it is difficult to determine exactly which aspects of Buddhism had the greatest influence on the slow maturation of written Vernacular Sinitic. Mair's article broadens the consideration of written Chinese that Daniel Gardner (50.3 [August 1991]:574-603); Chad Hansen (52.2 [May 1993]:373-99), (52.4 [November 1993]:954-57); and Marshall Unger (52.4 [November 1993]:949-54) have explored in recent issues.
目次Early Written Vernacular in China 709
Buddhism and Language 713
Translation, Linguistics, and Psalmody 714
Social Values, Intellectual History, and Religious Mission 719
The Indian Background 722
The Concept of "National Language" 725
Mandarin as koine 728
The Japanese Inspiration for kuo-yu 730
Language Reform in Korea 731
Conclusion 738
Abbreviations 739
Glossary 739
Texts 744
List of References 745
ISSN00219118 (P); 17520401 (E)
ヒット数309
作成日1998.04.28
更新日期2020.03.13



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