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從台閩日佛教的互動看尼僧在台灣的發展=The Development of the Nuns Order in Taiwan: An Overview from the Perspective of Taiwanese-Hokkien-Japanese Buddhist Interaction
著者 釋慧嚴 (著)=Shih, Huey-yen (au.)
掲載誌 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=The Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
巻号n.12
出版年月日1999.07
ページ249 - 274
出版者中華佛學研究所=The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
出版サイト http://chinesebuddhiststudies.org/
出版地新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
資料の種類期刊論文=Journal Article
言語中文=Chinese; 英文=English
キーワード外江僧; 本地僧; 臺灣尼僧初現; 臺灣傳戒; 三大尼僧道場; Unordained monks/nuns; Ordained monks/nuns; The first appearance of Buddhist nuns in Taiwan; Ordination in Taiwan; The three major nunneries
抄録臺灣的佛教史走到二十世紀末葉時,尼僧在臺灣社會無論
是推動教育,慈善,環保方面都有傑出的表現,這是因尼僧
的教育,素養的水準,均達到社會要求的標準. 然而如此的水
準,固然是奠立在臺灣當前的教育普及上,但亦不得忽視其歷
史背景. 臺灣的佛教雖說有四百多年的歷史,但在紀元1895
年日本治臺為止,臺灣並沒出現過偉大的僧侶. 或許這是因
與臺灣不需要有高僧的環境有關,但也是與當時的臺灣佛教界
尚無傳戒的道場,僧侶必需至福建鼓山受戒,才能取得僧侶身
份,加上當時的中國佛教界是相當衰頹有關.
不過日本治臺以後,致力於教育,又大正6年的臺灣佛教
中學林,大正10年的南瀛佛教會相繼成立,以培養臺灣佛教界
僧侶,齋友為目的,還有臺灣寺院也能獨立傳起戒來. 因此拙
文從如此的角度來探討,此時代臺閩的佛教交流,即臺灣佛
教僧侶赴鼓山受戒的情形; 明治42年後,臺灣寺院傳戒的情
況,大正8年比丘尼的出現,隨之三大尼僧道場的成立,及
尼眾的發展等的課題.
By the end of the 20th Century the female Sangha in
Taiwan have had brilliant achievements in the areas of education,
charity,and environmental protection. This is attributed
to the fact that the level and quality of education within the
female Sangha can stand up to society's standards. However,
even though this achievement has been built on Taiwan's
extensive contemporary education,the historical background
of the local Taiwanese Sangha should not be ignored. Even
though Buddhism now has a 400-year history in Taiwan,no
great Buddhist master emerged there until the Japanese occupation
in 1895,probably because the island's environment at that time
did not necessitate one. But it should also be taken into
account that Buddhist institutions in Taiwan at that time did not
have any qualified Sangha to give precepts and,as a result,
the cleric had to travel to Kushan Mountain in Fujian in order to
receive precepts and ordination. The despondent mood of the
Chinese Buddhist environment was also a factor.
After the Japanese occupation,however,efforts were made in
the area of education. The Taiwan Buddhist Middle School and the
Nan Yin Buddhist Association were established in the 6th and 10th
year of the emperor Taisho's reign respectively,with the objective
of cultivating Buddhist Sangha and alms donors. Local monasteries
also began to have independent preceptors. From the
above-mentioned perspective,this research paper analyses
Buddhist interaction in Taiwan and Hokkien; the ordination of
Taiwanese Sangha in Kushan Mountain and,after the 42nd year
of Meiji's reign,in local Taiwanese monasteries; the emergence
of the Bikkhuni in the 8th year of Taisho's reign; the establishment
of three major nunneries; and developments within the general populace.
ISSN10177132 (P)
ヒット数1030
作成日1999.08.25
更新日期2017.06.20



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